Hepatitis E seroprevalence and associated risk factors in Croatian liver transplant recipients

Mrzljak, Anna and Dinjar-Kujundžić, Petra and Vilibić-Čavlek, Tatjana and Jemeršić, Lorena and Prpić, Jelena and Dakovic-Rode, Oktavija and Kolarić, Branko and Vince, Adriana (2019) Hepatitis E seroprevalence and associated risk factors in Croatian liver transplant recipients. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 52. ISSN 0037-8682

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Introduction: Solid-organ transplant recipients are at risk of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection. We analyzed the seroprevalence/ risk factors of HEV in Croatian liver transplant recipients. ----- Methods: Two hundred forty-two serum samples were tested for HEV immunoglobuline IgG/IgM and HEV RNA. Sociodemographic data and risk factors were collected using a questionnaire. ----- Results: HEV IgG seroprevalence rate was 24.4%. Positive/equivocal HEV IgM were found in two patients. HEV RNA was not detected. Logistic regression showed that older age, female gender, rural area/farm, water well, and septic tank were associated with HEV seropositivity. ----- Conclusions: This study revealed a high exposure rate to HEV in Croatian liver recipients.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Croatia / epidemiology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Hepatitis Antibodies / blood ; Hepatitis E / epidemiology ; Hepatitis E / immunology ; Hepatitis E virus / immunology ; Humans ; Immunoglobulin G / blood ; Immunoglobulin M / blood ; Liver Transplantation / adverse effects ; Male ; Middle Aged ; RNA, Viral / blood ; Risk Factors ; Seroepidemiologic Studies ; Socioeconomic Factors
Departments: Katedra za infektologiju
Katedra za internu medicinu
Katedra za medicinsku mikrobiologiju i parazitologiju
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Dinjar-Kujundžić, PetraUNSPECIFIED
Vilibić-Čavlek, TatjanaUNSPECIFIED
Jemeršić, LorenaUNSPECIFIED
Dakovic-Rode, OktavijaUNSPECIFIED
Kolarić, BrankoUNSPECIFIED
Date: 10 October 2019
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2020 12:43
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2020 12:43
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/3555

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