Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Procjena stabilnosti osteosinteza Kirschnerovim žicama na arteficijelnom modelu loma tibijalnog maleola [Evaluation of stability of osteosynthesys with K-wires on artificial model of tibial maleolus fracture]

Bumči, Igor (2011) Procjena stabilnosti osteosinteza Kirschnerovim žicama na arteficijelnom modelu loma tibijalnog maleola [Evaluation of stability of osteosynthesys with K-wires on artificial model of tibial maleolus fracture]. PhD thesis, Sveučilište u Zagrebu.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (10Mb) | Preview

    Croatian abstract

    Skočni zglob sudjeluje u statičkom opterećenju noge te u dinamici hoda. Time u njemu postoje opterećenja na tlak i vlak. Tibijalni i fibularni maleol čine tzv. „vilicu“ u koju sjeda talus s pridruženim kalkaneusom. Cjelovitost „vilice“ značajna je za stabilnost i time funkciju skočnog zgloba. Ozljede krajeva tibije i fibule čine 25-38% svih lomova područja ploče rasta. Javljaju se najčešće između osme i petnaeste godine života, češće kod dječaka. U djece su ligamenti čvršći od epifizealnih hrskavica, tako da ozljede koje bi kod odraslih izazvale oštećenje ligamenata kod djece dovode do lomova u području ploče rasta. Oko 4% lomova skočnog zgloba zahvaća epifizu i ploču rasta. Lom jednog od krajeva „vilice“ s odmakom dovodi do njenog širenja i nestabilnosti zgloba. Lom tibijalnog maleola intraartikularni je lom te je nužna anatomska repozicija u slučaju odmaka ulomaka i osteosinteza da se položaj dobiven repozicijom zadrži. Time bi cijeljenje trebalo završiti bez poremećaja na donjoj tibijalnoj zglobnoj plohi (hrskavici) i ne bi uslijedila artroza. Kod operativnog liječenja loma tibijalnog maleola u djece (pogotovo mlađe dobi) metoda izbora su Kirschnerove žice. One ne uzrokuju poremećaj rasta kada prolaze kroz ploću rasta. Osteosinteza Kirschnerovim žicama nije stabilna ostosinteza te zahtijeva i dodatnu sadrenu imobilizaciju. U samoj imobilizaciji na osteosintetizirani lom djeluju sile tlaka kod statičkog opterećenja i sile vlaka pri dinamičkom opterećenju. U prirodi djeteta nije da miruje, naprotiv čim nema kontrole oslanja se na imobiliziranu nogu, napinje muskulaturu obićno zbog svrbeža pod gipsom. Time se pojam stabilnosti osteosinteze pretvara u problem „otpornosti“. Uzevši u obzir pravila mehanike za pretpostaviti je da ćemo dodajući treću Kirschnerovu žicu i ukrižajući Kirschnerove žice dobiti veću stabilnost osteosinteze. Da se to dokaže izvršen je pokus na modelima donjeg kraja goljenične kosti kompanije „Sawbones“ na kojima se inače izvode vježbe na AO tečajevima. Svaki model je prerezan tako da se imitira lom medijalnog maleola te su uvedene Kirschnerove žice debljine 1,8 mm u raznim kombinacijama broja i položaja. Pripremljeni modeli testirani su na „kidalici“ (vlak i tlak). Te su rezultati u vidu grafikona pokazali stabilnosti modela.

    English abstract

    Ankle participates in static of feet, and in the dynamics of walking. Thus it has a load of pressure and tension. Tibial and fibular maleolus forms "fork" into which fits talus with the associated calcaneus. The integrity of the "fork" is important for the stability and thus the function of the ankle. Fractures of the distal tibia and fibula are 25-38% of all fractures of the physis. They occur most often between eight and fifteen years of age, more frequently in boys. The children's ligaments were stronger than epiphyseal cartilage, so that injuries to the adult caused ligament damage in children leading to fractures of the physis. Approximately 4% of ankle fractures affect physis. Fracture one of the ends of "forks" with detachment leads to its proliferation and instability. Fracture of tibial maleolus is intrarticular fracture and requires anatomical reposition and osteosynthesis of fragments to maintain the position obtained by reduction. Healing should be completed without growth abnormality or signs of arthritis. For operative treatment of tibial maleolus fractures in children (especially younger) the method of choice is osteosynthesis with Kirschner pins. They do not cause growth failure when passed through the growth plates. Kirschner pins osteosynthesis is not stable and requires additional plaster immobilization. In the immobilization on osteosynthetised fracture site worked forces of pressure and dynamic loading. The nature of the child is not to rest, on the contrary as soon as there is no control relies on the immobilized leg, stretches muscles normally due to itching under the cast. This notion of stability of osteosynthesis into the problem of "resistance". Taking into account the rules of mechanics, it is to assume that if we added a third Kirschner wire crossing the wires we get more stability. To prove it we carried out the experiment on the models of the lower end of the tibia of the company "Sawbones" which are normally carried out exercises on AO courses. Each model was cut so that it mimics a fracture of the medial maleolus, Kirschner wires 1.8 mm thick have been introduced, in various combinations of the number and position. Prepared models were tested in laboratory on a simulation machine (tension and pressure). These results are in the form of graphs to show the stability of the model.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Mentor: Župančić, Božidar
    Divisions: Izvan medicinskog fakulteta
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    University: Sveučilište u Zagrebu
    Institution: Medicinski fakultet
    Number of Pages: 140
    Status: Unpublished
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Bumči, Igor
    Date: 26 May 2011
    Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2011
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:11
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/988

      Actions (login required)

      View Item

      Document Downloads

      More statistics for this item...