Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

New insights in mechanisms for development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Kasum, Miro (2010) New insights in mechanisms for development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Collegium Antropologicum, 34 (3). pp. 1139-43. ISSN 0350-6134

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    Croatian abstract

    NOVI UVIDI U MEHANIZMIMA NASTANKA OVARIJSKOG HIPERSTIMULACIJSKOG SINDROMA ----- Ovarijski hiperstimulacijski sindrom (OHS) je tipična jatrogena komplikacija indukcije ovulacije koja se javlja u luteinskoj fazi ciklusa ili u ranoj trudnoći. No, spontani oblik OHS je iznimno rijedak i javlja se uvijek u trudnoći. Nekoliko ih je slučajeva opaženo za vrijeme višestrukih trudnoća, dok su drugi slučajevi bili povezani s hipotireozom. Pored toga, nedavno je kod spontanog OHS s normalnim razinama humanog korionskog gonadotropina (HCG) opisano nekoliko mutacija folikularno stimulirajućeg hormona (FSH). U tim slučajevima prepoznata je molekularna osnova u nastanku spontanog OHS. Takve mutacije odražavaju miješanu osjetljivost i aktivnost prema HCG i prema tireoidnom stimulirajućem hormonu (TSH). OHS se javlja uvijek nazočnosti egzogenog ili endogenog HCG za kojeg se smatra da igra glavnu ulogu u razvijanju bolesti. Pojačana kapilarna propusnost je obilježje OHS koje rezultira pomakom tekućine iz intravaskularnog prostora u odjeljak trećeg prostora. Smatra se da HCG inducira otpuštanje vazoaktivnih tvari ili medijatora, koje imaju snažne i izravne učinke na krvožilni sustav. Pokazano je da su endometrij kao i jajnik primarna ciljna mjesta na koja djeluje HCG. Od svih raznovrsnih vazoaktivnih tvari, vaskularni endotelni faktor rasta (VEFR) je glavni medijator i najodgovorniji za pojačanu kapilarnu propusnost. On nastaje i luči se u jajniku i endotelu, a djeluje preko svojih receptora tipa-2 odnosno KDR i flt 1. Osim poticanja VEGF, HCG može aktivirati sustave renin-angiotenzina i kinin-kalikreina sustav, a isto tako otpušta interleukine (6,18), adhezivne molekule endotela, Willebrandov faktor, angiogenin i endotelin-1, koji isto povisuju vaskularnu propusnost.

    English abstract

    The ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is typically an iatrogenic complication of induction ovulation occurring during the luteal phase or early pregnancy. However, the spontaneous form of OHSS is extremely rare and always reported during pregnancy. Several cases have been observed during multiple pregnancies and other cases were associated with hypothyroidism. Moreover, a few mutations of the follicle-stimulation hormone receptor (FSHr) were recently described in spontaneous OHSS and normal levels of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG). In these cases, a molecular basis for the pathogenesis of the spontaneous OHSS was identified. These mutations displayed promiscuous sensitivity and activation by both HCG and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). The disease always occurs in the presence of either exogenous or endogenous HCG which is thought to play a crucial role in the development of OHSS. The hallmark of OHSS is an increase in capillary permeability resulting in a fluid shift from the intravascular compartment into the third space. It is assumed that HCG induces the release of certain ovarian vasoactive substances or mediators that have potent and direct systemic effects on the vascular system. It was demonstrated that the endothelium, along with the ovary is a primary target for HCG. Of all the different vasoactive components, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the principal mediator and the most responsible for increased capillary permeability. It is produced and secreted in the ovary or in the endothelium, and acts through the VEGF receptor-2 or high affinity receptors (KDR and flt 1), respectively. In addition to VEGF HCG may trigger activation of the renin-angiotensin system and kinin-kallikrein system together with releasing of interleukins (6,18), endothelial-cell adhesion molecules, von Willebrand factor, angiogenin and endothelin-1, that also increase vascular permeability.

    Item Type: Article
    MeSH: Chorionic Gonadotropin/pharmacology ; Female ; Humans ; Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome/etiology ; Receptors, FSH/genetics ; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/physiology
    Divisions: Katedra za ginekologiju i opstetriciju
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    Status: Published
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Kasum, Miro
    Date: September 2010
    Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2010
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:11
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/909

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