Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Predictive value of 8 genetic loci for serum uric acid concentration

Gunjača, Grgo and Boban, Mladen and Pehlić, Marina and Zemunik, Tatijana and Budimir, Danijela and Kolčić, Ivana and Lauc, Gordan and Rudan, Igor and Polašek, Ozren (2010) Predictive value of 8 genetic loci for serum uric acid concentration. Croatian Medical Journal, 51 (1). pp. 23-31. ISSN 0353-9504

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    English abstract

    Aim. To investigate the value of genomic information in prediction of individual serum uric acid concentrations. ----- Methods. Three population samples were investigated: from isolated Adriatic island communities of Vis (n=980) and Korcula (n=944), and from general population of the city of Split (n=507). Serum uric acid concentration was correlated with the genetic risk score based on 8 previously described genes: PDZK1, GCKR, SLC2A9, ABCG2, LRRC16A, SLC17A1, SLC16A9, and SLC22A12, represented by a total of 16 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). The data were analyzed using classification and regression tree (CART) and general linear modeling. ----- Results. The most important variables for uric acid prediction with CART were genetic risk score in men and age in women. The percent of variance for any single SNP in predicting serum uric acid concentration varied from 0.0%-2.0%. The use of genetic risk score explained 0.1%-2.5% of uric acid variance in men and 3.9%-4.9% in women. The highest percent of variance was obtained when age, sex, and genetic risk score were used as predictors, with a total of 30.9% of variance in pooled analysis. ----- Conclusion. Despite overall low percent of explained variance, uric acid seems to be among the most predictive human quantitative traits based on the currently available SNP information. The use of genetic risk scores is a valuable approach in genetic epidemiology and increases the predictability of human quantitative traits based on genomic information compared with single SNP approach.

    Item Type: Article
    Divisions: Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    Status: Published
    Gunjača, Grgo
    Boban, Mladen
    Pehlić, Marina
    Zemunik, Tatijana
    Budimir, Danijela
    Kolčić, Ivana
    Lauc, Gordan
    Rudan, Igor
    Polašek, Ozren
    Date: 15 February 2010
    Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2010
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:11
    Subjects: /
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