Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Kriminogene specifičnosti psihotičnih počinitelja kaznenih djela

Šendula Jengić, Vesna (2008) Kriminogene specifičnosti psihotičnih počinitelja kaznenih djela. PhD thesis, Sveučilište u Zagrebu.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (3836Kb) | Preview

    Croatian abstract

    Cilj rada bio je odrediti postojanje eventualnih razlikovnih osobitosti između skupina počinitelja i nepočinitelja kaznenih djela paranoidno shizofrenih bolesnika. Ispitivanje je provedeno na uzorku od 122 bolesnika s dijagnozom paranoidne shizofrenije F.20.0, od kojih su 61 bili počinitelji kaznenih djela i liječeni po nalogu suda, a 61 nisu bili počinitelji kaznenih djela, a liječeni su prema indikacijama za bolničko psihijatrijsko liječenje. Ispitanici su bili izjednačeni po spolu, dobi i naobrazbi. Svi ispitanici su bili testirani upitnicima: Wechsler WB za ispitivanje intelektualnih sposobnosti, MMPI-201 za ispitivanje osobina ličnosti, Eysenckov upitnik ličnosti (EPQ-RA), Frajburški upitnik ličnosti (FPI), Upitnik životnog stila (LSI), Temperament-karakter inventar (TCI) i upitnik socio-demografskih podataka. Primjenom dijagnostičkih mjernih instrumenata nastojalo se utvrditi prisustvo međuovisnosti psihopatoloških simptoma i drugih čimbenika od mogućeg utjecaja na počinjenje djela te utvrditi razlikovne osobitosti u odnosu na skupinu nepočinitelja iste dijagnostičke kategorije. Konačni cilj istraživanja je bio utvrditi eventualne čimbenike koji bi bili od značaja u predikciji budućeg kažnjivog ponašanja.Istraživanja govore da su paranoidno shizofreni počinitelji kaznenih djela značajno zastupljeniji u kategoriji nasilničkog kriminaliteta, uključujući i krvne delikte u odnosu na distribuciju počinjenja kaznenih djela u općoj populaciji. Žrtve njihova nasilja su uglavnom unutar obitelji i rodbine. Komorbidno u skupini počinitelja kaznenih djela više je poremećaja ličnosti, zatvorskog ranijeg iskustva i ranijeg forenzičkog tretmana, utjecaja psihoaktivnih tvari tempore acti, dok je kod nepočinitelja kaznenih djela više ovisnosti o alkoholu, ali bez statističkih značajnosti. U našem istraživanju potvrdili smo postojanje psihopatoloških, kriminogenih specifičnosti psihotičnih počinitelja kaznenih djela po kojima se oni razlikuju od psihotičnih bolesnika koji nisu počinili kazneno djelo. Identificirana su tri prediktorska modela od značaja u predikciji za počinjenje kaznenog djela.Rezultate ovoga istraživanja smatramo više vjerojatnim tendencijama nego čvrstim činjenicama, pa rad upućuje na daljnje traganje za specifičnim ponašanjem paranoidno shizofrenih, na većem uzorku, kako bi preventivni i terapijski programi za ovu skupinu bolesnika bili primijenjeni na vrijeme i adekvatno.

    English abstract

    Aim of this study was to determine presence of eventual differential specificities between patients with paranoid schizophrenia who are perpetrator of criminal offence and ones who aren’t. Research was made on a sample of 122 patients with diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia F20.0, 61 of them were perpetrators of criminal offence and they were treated by the court order, and 61 weren’t perpetrators of criminal offence and they were treated by indications for hospital treatment. Participants were equaled by gender, age and education. All participants were tested by questionnaires: Wechsler WB for analyzing intellectual abilities, MMPI-201 for analyzing pathological characteristics of personality, Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire (EPQ_RA), Freiburg Personality Inventory (FPI), Life Style Index (LSI), Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and Sociodemographic Data Questionnaire. Set of diagnostic measure instruments was used to try to determine presence of interdependence of psychopathological symptoms and other factors from possible impact on perpetration of criminal offence, and to correlate it with a group of non-perpetrators of criminal offence in same diagnostic category. Ultimate aim of this study was to determine eventual factors which would be significant in prediction of future criminal behavior. Researches show that paranoid-schizophrenic perpetrators of criminal offence are significantly more present in a category of violent criminality, including homicide, in relation to distribution of perpetration of criminal offence in general population. Perpetrators’ of criminal offence victims are mostly within family and relatives population. In a group of perpetrators of criminal offence there is comorbidity of more personality disorders, earlier prison experience and earlier forensic treatment, impact of psychoactive substances tempore acti, and in a group of non-perpetration of criminal offence there is more alcohol addictions, but without statistical significance. In this research presence of psychopatological and criminal specificities are comfirmed in criminal defense perpetrators wich differ them from non-perpetrators of criminal defense.Three predicting models significant in prediction of criminal defense were identified. We consider results of this study more as probable tendencies than firm facts, so this study refer to further research in specific behavior of paranoid-schizophrenic patients, on a greater pattern, to enable usage of preventive and therapeutic programs for this group of patients adequately and on time.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Mentor: Mandić, Nikola
    Divisions: Izvan medicinskog fakulteta
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    University: Sveučilište u Zagrebu
    Institution: Medicinski fakultet
    Number of Pages: 194
    Status: Unpublished
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Šendula Jengić, Vesna
    Date: 06 August 2008
    Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2009
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:11
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/669

      Actions (login required)

      View Item

      Document Downloads

      More statistics for this item...