Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Posttraumatic stress disorder in women - experiences form the Psychiatric Clinic, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Croatia

Jovanović, Nikolina and Rojnić Kuzman, Martina and Medved, Vesna and Bokić Sabolić, Anđelina and Grubišin, Jasmina and Hotujac, Ljubomir (2009) Posttraumatic stress disorder in women - experiences form the Psychiatric Clinic, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Croatia. Collegium antropologicum, 33 (1). pp. 267-272. ISSN 0350-6134

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    Croatian abstract

    POSTTRAUMATSKI STRESNI POREMEĆAJ U ŽENA – ISKUSTVA KLINIKE ZA PSIHIJATRIJU KLINIČKOG BOLNIČKOG CENTRA ZAGREB, HRVATSKA ----- Posttraumatski stresni poremećaj (PTSP) je anksiozni poremećaj koji se razvija nakon ozbiljnog traumatskog događaja ili iskustva. Cijeloživotna prevalencija u europskoj populaciji je 1,9%, viša je u žena (2,9%) nego u muškaraca (0,9%). Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati stope, sociodemografska i klinička obilježja žena oboljelih od PTSP-a koje su bile hospitaliziranih na Klinici za psihijatriju Kliničkog bolničkog centra Zagreb u Hrvatskoj, tijekom 1990–2007. godine. Podatci su prikupljeni retrospektivno iz medicinske dokumentacije. Pronašli smo da je 67 žena dijagnosticiran PTSP što predstavlja 0.58% svih prijema tijekom ovih godina. Većina je patila od komorbidne depresije (N=51) i raznih tjelesnih bolesti, posebno malignih ginekoloških tumora (N=22). Nismo našli značajne razlike u distribuciji simptoma PTSP-a u odnosu na vrstu doživljene traume (ratna vs. mirnodopska). Pokazali smo da su bolesnici s ratnom traumom češće imali komorbidnu depresiju, dok su oni s civilnom traumom češće obolijevali od tjelesnih bolesti, posebice malignih ginekoloških tumora. Naša ustanova je specijalistička klinika u tercijarnom medicinskom centru s tendencijom da liječi bolesnike s težim oblicima poremećaja i stoga se naši rezultati ne mogu generalizirati na druga radilišta koja liječe bolesnike s PTSP-om. Ipak, naši rezultati ukazuju da psihijatrijska procjena nužno treba uključivati prošla traumatska iskustva bolesnika, a u žena s dijagnosticiranim PTSP-om potrebno je obratiti posebnu pažnju na komorbidnu depresiju i maligne tumore.

    English abstract

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that develops after a severe traumatic event or experience. Lifetime prevalence rate in the European population is 1.9 % and it is higher for women (2.9%) then for men (0.9 %). The aim of this study was to examine rates and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of women with PTSD who were hospitalized at the Psychiatric clinic of University Hospital Center in Croatia over the years 1990-2007. Data were gathered retrospectively from the medical charts. We found that 67 women were diagnosed with PTSD which is 0.58% of all admissions over these years. Majority suffered from comorbid depression (N = 51) and various somatic conditions, especially malignant gynecological tumors (N = 23). No significant differences were found in distribution of PTSD symptoms in relation to the combat vs. civilian trauma. We found that patients with combat trauma often suffer from comorbid depression, while those with civilian traumas more often reported somatic conditions, especially malignant gynecological tumors. Our institution is a speciality clinic at a tertiary care medical center which tends to accumulate patients with serious forms of the disorder, and therefore our results can not be generalized to other settings involved in working with women with PTSD. Our results indicate that psychiatrists' assessment of female patients should inevitably include lifetime traumatic experiences, and among those with PTSD, special attention should be paid to comorbid depression and malignant tumors.

    Item Type: Article
    MeSH: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Croatia/epidemiology ; Female ; Hospitals, University ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/diagnosis ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology
    Divisions: Katedra za psihijatriju i psihološku medicinu
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    Status: Published
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Jovanović, Nikolina
    Rojnić Kuzman, Martina
    Medved, Vesna
    Bokić Sabolić, Anđelina
    Grubišin, Jasmina
    Hotujac, Ljubomir
    Date: March 2009
    Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2009
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:11
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/642

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