Regional differences in the prevalence of arterial hypertension in Croatia

Erceg, Marijan and Kern, Josipa and Babić-Erceg, Andrea and Ivičević-Uhernik, Ana and Vuletić, Silvije (2009) Regional differences in the prevalence of arterial hypertension in Croatia. Collegium antropologicum, 33 (Suppl.). pp. 19-23. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the Croatian Adult Health Survey data, collected in 2003 with a total of 9,070 respondents aged 18+. Based on an average of two measurements, respondents with the mean systolic arterial pressure > or = 140 mmHg or mean diastolic pressure > or = 90 mmHg were classified as hypertensive. The data for men and women were analyzed separately, according to regions. Prevalence of hypertension in men was 40.5% (95% confidence interval CI 37.9-43.01; coefficient of variability CV = 3.2), women 34.9% (95% CI 33.2-36.7; CV 2.5). There were no significant differences in regional prevalence in men, except in the Northern and Eastern region. In women we did not detect any significant regional difference. Non-controlled arterial hypertension is an important public health problem in all monitored regions of Croatia. Raising awareness about the problem, early detection and encouraging the population to adhere to the therapy for elevated arterial pressure, in addition to a healthy life style, are important for successful control and harm reduction.

Abstract in Croatian

ARTERIJSKA HIPERTENZIJA U HRVATSKOJ – REGIONALNE RAZLIKE ----- U radu su analizirani podaci iz projekta »Hrvatska zdravstvena anketa«, prikupljeni tijekom intervjua 9070 ispitanika u dobi 18+godina provedenom tijekom 2003.godine. Na osnovu prosjeka dva mjerenja ispitanici sa prosječnim sistoličkim arterijskim tlakom _140 mmHg ili prosječnim dijastoličkim tlakom _90 mmHg svrstani su u skupinu ispitanika s nereguliranim arterijskim tlakom. Odvojeno su analizirani podaci za muškarce i žene prema regijama Hrvatske. Utvrđena prevalencija za muškarce bila je 40,5% (95% interval pouzdanosti (CI)= 37,9–43,01; koeficijent varijabilnosti (CV)=3,2), a za žene 34,9% (95%CI=33,2–36,7; CV=2,5). U skupini muškaraca nisu zabilježene značajne razlike između promatranih regija osim Sjeverne i Istočne, a za njihovo pojašnjenje potrebno je provesti daljnja istraživanja. U skupini žena nisu zabilježene značajne razlike između promatranih regija. Neregulirana arterijska hipertenzija značajan je javnozdravstveni problem u svim promatranim regijama Hrvatske. Osvješćivanje problema, rano otkrivanje i poticanje stanovništva na redovitu terapiju povišenog krvnog tlaka, uz usvajanje zdravih životnih navika, važni su za postizanje njegove uspješne kontrole i ublažavanje posljedica.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Croatia/epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Hypertension/epidemiology ; Hypertension/prevention & control ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Residence Characteristics ; Sex Distribution
Departments: Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Erceg, MarijanUNSPECIFIED
Kern, JosipaUNSPECIFIED
Babić-Erceg, AndreaUNSPECIFIED
Ivičević-Uhernik, AnaUNSPECIFIED
Vuletić, SilvijeUNSPECIFIED
Date: April 2009
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2009
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 16:10
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/625

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