Health behavior factors associated with obesity in the adult population in Croatia

Musić Milanović, Sanja and Ivičević Uhernik, Ana and Fišter, Kristina (2009) Health behavior factors associated with obesity in the adult population in Croatia. Collegium antropologicum, 33 (Suppl.). pp. 67-73. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the association of obesity and selected health behaviors, based on the data from Croatian Adult Health Survey 2003. Cross-sectional study on representative random sample of 9070 Croatian adults showed that in both men and women, mean BMI varied significantly with age (p < 0.001). It tended to increased with age until 55-64 years, and then decreased slightly in men, but remained unchanged in women. The prevalence of obesity (BMI > or = 30.0 kg m(-2)) demonstrated almost the same prevalence in men and women, 20.1% and 20.6% respectively. The likelihood of being obese, either in men or women, was more likely in the middle-aged groups, among respondents from rural areas and those from the Continental region of Croatia, with drinking lifestyle pattern, and non-smokers. Women who mostly used animal fat for food preparations were more likely to be obese. Overweight and obesity are major public health problem in the adult population in Croatia, and health promotion strategies based on behavioral correlates are needed to prevent excess weight gain in the Croatian population.

Abstract in Croatian

POVEZANOST ŽIVOTNIH NAVIKA I DEBLJINE ODRASLOG STANOVNIŠTVA HRVATSKE ----- Cilj ovog rada bio je istražiti povezanost debljine sa životnim navikama; pušenjem, tjelesnom aktivnošću, konzumacijom alkohola i prehrambenim navikama, na temelju podataka iz Hrvatske zdravstvene ankete 2003. Presječeno istraživanje na reprezentativnom slučajnom uzorku od 9070 odraslih osoba iz Hrvatske pokazalo je da se i kod muškaraca i kod žena, indeks tjelesne mase (ITM) značajno raste s dobi (p<0,001) do dobne grupe 55–64 godine, potom se blago smanjuje kod muškaraca, a ostaje nepromijenjen u žena. Prevalencija debljine (BMI _ 30,0 kg m–2) u Hrvatskoj iznosi 20,1% za žene, odnosno 20,6% za muškarce. Istraživanje je pokazalo da, i kod žena i kod muškaraca statistički značajno (p<0,05) raste vjerojatnost za debljinu u srednjoj životnoj dobi, kod stanovnika seoskih naselja, kod stanovnika kontinentalnog dijela Hrvatske, s alkoholnim habitusom i kod nepušača. žene koje pretežno koriste životinjske masnoće u prehrani imaju statistički značajnu vjerojatnost za razvoj debljine. Debljina je jedan od najvažnijih javnozdravstvenih problema u Hrvatskoj. Javnozdravstveni programi usmjereni na promjenljive životne navike potrebni su za smanjenje postojećeg i prevenciju daljnjeg širenja ovog značajnog javnozdavstvenog problema.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adolescent ; Adult ; Age Distribution ; Aged ; Body Mass Index ; Croatia/epidemiology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Health Behavior ; Humans ; Life Style ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multivariate Analysis ; Obesity/epidemiology ; Obesity/prevention & control ; Prevalence ; Residence Characteristics ; Sex Distribution
Departments: Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Musić Milanović, SanjaUNSPECIFIED
Ivičević Uhernik, AnaUNSPECIFIED
Fišter, KristinaUNSPECIFIED
Date: April 2009
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2009
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 16:10
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/621

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