The geographic patterns of the exceptional longevity in Croatia

Mašanović, Marija and Šogorić, Selma and Kolčić, Ivana and Curić, Ivo and Smoljanović, Ankica and Ramić, Senad and Čala, Matija and Polašek, Ozren (2009) The geographic patterns of the exceptional longevity in Croatia. Collegium antropologicum, 33 (Suppl.). pp. 147-152. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the exceptional longevity patterns in Croatia. The prevalence of nonagenarians (aged 90 years or more) and centenarians (100 years or more) was calculated from the 1953–2001 census data. The data were analyzed with chi-square test and trend analysis. The results indicate steady and significant increasing trends in both age groups, more pronounced in women. Geographical distribution of the exceptional longevity had a clear coastline-to-mainland gradient, with higher prevalence of exceptionally old people in the coastal parts of the country. Additionally, exceptionally old respondents from the Croatian Adult Health Survey (CAHS) were compared to elderly ones (65–89 years old). The results suggested that exceptionally old respondents had lower prevalence of overweight and obesity and lower blood pressure, thus exhibiting strong survivor phenomenon. At the same time, exceptionally old respondents from the CAHS had higher prevalence of confirmed hypertension in medical history and reported taking blood pressure medication more often. The results of this study suggest that the pattern of exceptional longevity in Croatia has a clear coastline-to-mainland gradient, which is likely to be associated with the different lifestyle and dietary patterns between these two populations.

Abstract in Croatian

ZEMLJOPISNI OBRAZAC IZNIMNE DUGOVJEČNOSTI U HRVATSKOJ ----- Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio prikazati pregled iznimne dugovječnosti u Hrvatskoj. Izračunata je pojavnost devedesetogodišnjaka i stogodišnjaka na temelju podataka iz popisa stanovništva iz godina 1953–2001., i analizirana pomoći hi-kvadrat testa i analize trenda. Rezultati ukazuju na stabilan i statistički značajan trend porasta u obje dobne skupine, koji je bio snažnije izražen kod žena. Zemljopisni obrazac iznimne dugovječnosti pokazao je jasan primorsko-kontinentalni gradijent, s više iznimno starih osoba u primrskom dijelu Hrvatske. Dodatno smo u ovom radu usporedili zdravstvene pokazatelje ispitanika iz Hrvatske zdravstvene ankete iz 2003. godine. Stogodišnjaci i devedesetogodišnjaci su imali bolje zdravstvene pokazatelje od ispitanika koji su imali između 65 i 89 godina. Iznimno stari ispitanici su imali mnogo manju učestalost povišenog krvnog tlaka i povećane tjelesne težine, stoga ukazujući na snažan fenomen preživljenja. Istovremeno, iznimno stari ispitanici imali su veću učestalost povišenog krvnog tlaka u anamnezi, kao i veću učestalost korištenja lijekova za krvni tlak. Rezultati studije potvrđuju jasan gradijent iznimno starih ispitanika obilježen većom dugovječnošću u primorskim dijelovima Hrvatske, koji je moguće povezan s drugačijim životnim i prehrambenim navikama.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Croatia/epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Hypertension/epidemiology ; Linear Models ; Longevity ; Male ; Obesity/epidemiology ; Overweight/epidemiology ; Prevalence ; Residence Characteristics
Departments: Katedra za socijalnu medicinu i organizaciju zdravstvene zaštite
Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mašanović, MarijaUNSPECIFIED
Šogorić, SelmaUNSPECIFIED
Kolčić, IvanaUNSPECIFIED
Curić, IvoUNSPECIFIED
Smoljanović, AnkicaUNSPECIFIED
Ramić, SenadUNSPECIFIED
Čala, MatijaUNSPECIFIED
Polašek, OzrenUNSPECIFIED
Date: April 2009
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2009
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 16:10
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/610

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