Klarica, Marijan and Orešković, Darko and Božić, Borka and Vukić, Miroslav and Butković, Vjera and Bulat, Marin
New experimental model of acute aqueductal blockage in cats: Effects on cerebrospinal fluid pressure and the size of brain ventricles.
Neuroscience, 158 (4).
ISSN 0306-4522 (Print)
It is generally assumed that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is secreted in the brain ventricles, and so after an acute blockage of the aqueduct of Sylvius an increase in the ventricular CSF pressure and dilation of isolated ventricles may be expected. We have tested this hypothesis in cats. After blocking the aqueduct, we measured the CSF pressure in both isolated ventricles and the cisterna magna, and performed radiographic monitoring of the cross-sectional area of the lateral ventricle. The complete aqueductal blockage was achieved by implanting a plastic cannula into the aqueduct of Sylvius through a small tunnel in the vermis of the cerebellum in the chloralose-anesthetized cats. After the reconstitution of the occipital bone, the CSF pressure was measured in the isolated ventricles via a plastic cannula implanted in the aqueduct of Sylvius and in the cisterna magna via a stainless steel cannula. During the following 2 h, the CSF pressures in the isolated ventricles and cisterna magna were identical to those in control conditions. We also monitored the ventricular cross-sectional area by means of radiography for 2 h after the aqueductal blockage and failed to observe any significant changes. When mock CSF was infused into isolated ventricles to imitate the CSF secretion, the gradient of pressure between the ventricle and cisterna magna developed, and disappeared as soon as the infusion was terminated. However, when mock CSF was infused into the cisterna magna at various rates, the resulting increased subarachnoid CSF pressure was accurately transmitted across the brain parenchyma into the CSF of isolated ventricles. The lack of the increase in the CSF pressure and ventricular dilation during 2 h of aqueductal blockage suggests that aqueductal obstruction by itself does not lead to development of hypertensive acute hydrocephalus in cats.
||Animals ; Catheterization/adverse effects ; Cats ; Cerebral Aqueduct/physiopathology ; Cerebral Ventricles/pathology ; Cerebral Ventricles/physiopathology ; Cerebral Ventriculography/methods ; Cerebrospinal Fluid/physiology ; Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure/physiology ; Cisterna Magna/physiopathology ; Dilatation, Pathologic/cerebrospinal fluid ; Female ; Flow Injection Analysis ; Hydrocephalus/cerebrospinal fluid ; Hydrocephalus/etiology ; Male ; Models, Animal ; Time Factors
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