Nutritional and pharmacologic support in patients with pancreatic cancer

Dobrila Dintinjana, Renata and Guina, Tina and Krznarić, Željko (2008) Nutritional and pharmacologic support in patients with pancreatic cancer. Collegium antropologicum, 32 (2). pp. 505-508. ISSN 0350-6134 (Print)

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The aim of our study was to assess whether the influence of nutritional support, consisting of counseling, enteral liquids support and pharmacologic support, can slow down weight loss and whether the change in weight has the impact on the performance status in our patients. In our study 44 patients with pancreatic cancer were included--26 males (mean age 69 years +/- 2.4 years) and 18 females (mean age 63 +/- 3.2 years). Metastatic disease was found in 21 patients, 15 patients had liver metastasis. Locally advanced disease was found in 24 patients and metastatic and locally advanced disease in 17 patients. Surgery was performed in 34 patients. Forty four (100%) patients underwent nutritional counseling, 33 of them (75%) took supplemental enteral feeding and 44 (100%) took megestrol acetate 400 mg per a day. The patients were followed up during 8 weeks during 5 visits. At first visit we took initial nutritional status of patients. Appetite loss, weight gain and Karnofsky performance status were monitored at every visit. All patients were treated with gemcitabin for a 7 week period. Results: NTS score at initial visit in 44 patients (100%) was > or = 5. Using nutritional counseling, enteral food substitution and pharmacological support, weight gain was observed in 61.1% patients and appetite improved. Average KPS mostly improved after first month of therapy while after two months was again at the basal level. With nutritional counseling, supplemental feeding and pharmacologic support weight loss in our patients slowed down and appetite improved. Despite of that, Karnofsky Performance Status didn't change significantly, reflecting the impact of the disease itself and chemotherapy procedures to the patient's condition. We can conclude that nutritional and pharmacological support can temporarily stop weight loss and improve appetite, social life and quality of life in those groups of patients but have no implications on patients KPS and course of their disease.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Antineoplastic Agents - therapeutic use ; Appetite Stimulants - therapeutic use ; Nutritional Support ; Pancreatic Neoplasms - drug therapy - pathology - therapy ; Aged ; Deoxycytidine - analogs & derivatives - therapeutic use ; Female ; Humans ; Karnofsky Performance Status ; Male ; Megestrol Acetate - therapeutic use ; Middle Aged ; Weight Loss
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Boris Čičovački
Status: Published
Dobrila Dintinjana, RenataUNSPECIFIED
Krznarić, ŽeljkoUNSPECIFIED
Date: June 2008
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2008
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 16:10
Subjects: /
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