Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Twenty years of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Croatia: an epidemic that is still in an early stage

Begovac, Josip and Zekan, Šime and Skoko-Poljak, Dunja (2006) Twenty years of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Croatia: an epidemic that is still in an early stage. Collegium antropologicum, 30 (Suppl.). pp. 17-23. ISSN 0350-6134 (Print)

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    Croatian abstract

    Hrvatska je zemlja s niskom razinom epidemije HIV-om; u razdoblju od 1985.–2005. kod 553 osoba je utvrđena zaraza HIV-om. Najčešći put prijenosa je spolni odnos između muškaraca (40% slučajeva) i heteroseksualni kontakt (40% slučajeva). Samo 10% slučajeva su intravenozni korisnici droga. Podaci testiranja na HIV također sugeriraju nisku prevalenciju zaraze HIV-om u Hrvatskoj, čak i u rizičnim grupama. Podaci o ponašanju ukazuju na rizično spolno ponašanje s jasnom potrebom za intervencijama. Državna politika prema HIV/AIDS-u provodi se preko Nacionalnog povjerenstva za HIV/AIDS, multidisciplinarnom tijelu uz vladu Republike Hrvatske. Hrvatska je aplicirala za Globalni fond za borbu protiv AIDS-a, tuberkuloze i malarije 2002. g. što je rezultiralo odobravanjem sredstava u visini 4,9 milijuna USD za intervencije u prevenciji. Hrvatska ima centralizirani sustav liječenja koji se provodi u Klinici za infektivne bolesti u Zagrebu. Vrlo djelotvorna antiretrovirusna terapija je besplatna od travnja 1998.

    English abstract

    Croatia has a low-level HIV epidemic; 553 persons were diagnosed with HIV infection in the period 1985-2005. The principal mode of transmission was sex between men (40% of cases) and heterosexual contact (40%). Only about 10% of cases were injecting drug users. Testing data also suggest a low prevalence of HIV infection in Croatia, even in vulnerable groups. Behavioral data indicate risky sexual behaviors, with the clear need for interventions. National policy towards HIVIAIDS is operated through the National Committee on HIV/AIDS, a multisectorial advisory body to the Government of Croatia. Croatia applied to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in 2002 which resulted in a 4,9 million USD grant for scaling up prevention interventions. Croatia has a centralized system of treatment and care which is provided at the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Zagreb. Highly active antiretroviral treatment is provided free of charge from April 1998.

    Item Type: Article
    MeSH: HIV Infections - drug therapy - epidemiology - transmission ; Sexual Behavior ; Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data ; Preventive Health Services - economics - trends ; Adult ; Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active ; Croatia - epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Prevalence
    Divisions: Katedra za infektologiju
    Depositing User: Boris Čičovački
    Status: Published
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Begovac, Josip
    Zekan, Šime
    Skoko-Poljak, Dunja
    Date: December 2006
    Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2008
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:10
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/485

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