Twenty years of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Croatia: an epidemic that is still in an early stage

Begovac, Josip and Zekan, Šime and Skoko-Poljak, Dunja (2006) Twenty years of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Croatia: an epidemic that is still in an early stage. Collegium antropologicum, 30 (Suppl.). pp. 17-23. ISSN 0350-6134 (Print)

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Abstract

Croatia has a low-level HIV epidemic; 553 persons were diagnosed with HIV infection in the period 1985-2005. The principal mode of transmission was sex between men (40% of cases) and heterosexual contact (40%). Only about 10% of cases were injecting drug users. Testing data also suggest a low prevalence of HIV infection in Croatia, even in vulnerable groups. Behavioral data indicate risky sexual behaviors, with the clear need for interventions. National policy towards HIVIAIDS is operated through the National Committee on HIV/AIDS, a multisectorial advisory body to the Government of Croatia. Croatia applied to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in 2002 which resulted in a 4,9 million USD grant for scaling up prevention interventions. Croatia has a centralized system of treatment and care which is provided at the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Zagreb. Highly active antiretroviral treatment is provided free of charge from April 1998.

Abstract in Croatian

Hrvatska je zemlja s niskom razinom epidemije HIV-om; u razdoblju od 1985.–2005. kod 553 osoba je utvrđena zaraza HIV-om. Najčešći put prijenosa je spolni odnos između muškaraca (40% slučajeva) i heteroseksualni kontakt (40% slučajeva). Samo 10% slučajeva su intravenozni korisnici droga. Podaci testiranja na HIV također sugeriraju nisku prevalenciju zaraze HIV-om u Hrvatskoj, čak i u rizičnim grupama. Podaci o ponašanju ukazuju na rizično spolno ponašanje s jasnom potrebom za intervencijama. Državna politika prema HIV/AIDS-u provodi se preko Nacionalnog povjerenstva za HIV/AIDS, multidisciplinarnom tijelu uz vladu Republike Hrvatske. Hrvatska je aplicirala za Globalni fond za borbu protiv AIDS-a, tuberkuloze i malarije 2002. g. što je rezultiralo odobravanjem sredstava u visini 4,9 milijuna USD za intervencije u prevenciji. Hrvatska ima centralizirani sustav liječenja koji se provodi u Klinici za infektivne bolesti u Zagrebu. Vrlo djelotvorna antiretrovirusna terapija je besplatna od travnja 1998.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: HIV Infections - drug therapy - epidemiology - transmission ; Sexual Behavior ; Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data ; Preventive Health Services - economics - trends ; Adult ; Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active ; Croatia - epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Prevalence
Departments: Katedra za infektologiju
Depositing User: Boris Čičovački
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Begovac, JosipUNSPECIFIED
Zekan, ŠimeUNSPECIFIED
Skoko-Poljak, DunjaUNSPECIFIED
Date: December 2006
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2008
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 16:10
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/485

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