Current concepts in the diagnosis of transverse myelopathies

Brinar, Vesna V. and Habek, Mario and Zadro, Ivana and Barun, Barbara and Ozretić, David and Vranješ, Davorka (2008) Current concepts in the diagnosis of transverse myelopathies. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 110 (9). pp. 919-927. ISSN 0303-8467

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Abstract

The clinical symptoms and MRI characteristics of transverse myelopathy (TM) due to non-compressive causes are reviewed, with special emphasis on the differential diagnosis between inflammatory demyelinating lesions, and metabolic and vascular myelopathies. Inflammatory transverse myelopathies are the commonest and most difficult ones to identify. The differentiation between clinically isolated syndromes, multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and metabolic causes is based on both clinical symptoms and paraclinical signs including magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, and immunological and biochemical parameters. The most intriguing form of TM is that where there is clinical evidence of complete spinal cord transection, with normal findings in magnetic resonance imaging in the acute phase, but subsequent cord atrophy.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Myelitis, Transverse - diagnosis - pathology ; Adult ; Animals ; Autoimmune Diseases - diagnosis - pathology ; Demyelinating Diseases - diagnosis - pathology ; Diagnosis, Differential ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Neuromyelitis Optica - diagnosis - pathology ; Spinal Cord Diseases - metabolism
Departments: Katedra za neurologiju
Depositing User: Boris Čičovački
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Brinar, Vesna V.UNSPECIFIED
Habek, MarioUNSPECIFIED
Zadro, IvanaUNSPECIFIED
Barun, BarbaraUNSPECIFIED
Ozretić, DavidUNSPECIFIED
Vranješ, DavorkaUNSPECIFIED
Date: November 2008
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2009
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 16:10
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/417

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