Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Structural basis of developmental plasticity in the corticostriatal system

Vukšić, Mario and Radoš, Milan and Kostović, Ivica (2008) Structural basis of developmental plasticity in the corticostriatal system. Collegium antropologicum, 32 (Suppl.). pp. 155-159. ISSN 0350-6134 (Print)

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    Croatian abstract

    Dosadašnje studije pokazale su da tijekom razvitka kortikostrijatalna vlakna u majmuna završavaju oko strijatalnih citoarhitektonskih odjeljaka – staničnih otočića, pokazujući promjenu oko 105. embrionalnog dana (E105) gestacije. U ovoj studiji istraživali smo citoarhitektonske otočiće te na acetil-kolin esterazu (AChE) pozitivna područja strijatuma ljudskog mozga smatrajući ih strukturnim pokazateljem razvitka kortikostrijatalnih putova. Postmortalno moždano tkivo 27 fetusa te prerano rođene djece, starosti 11–34. tjedna nakon ovulacije (TNO) obrađeno je Nissl metodom, AChE histokemijom i imunocitokemijom (synaptophysin). Analizirani materijal dio je Zagrebačke neuroembriološke zbirke. Prva AChE pozitivna područja, koja vjerojatno odgovaraju dopaminergičkim otočićima, bila su vidljiva sa 10 TNO, dok su se citoarhitektonski stanični otočići na Nissl preparatima mogli uočiti tek nakon 14 TNO. Glavna promjena tijekom razvitka događa se između 20–24. TNO kada se oko staničnih otočića pojavljuju AChE negativne zone. Ovakav prolazni obrazac AChE reaktivnosti najbolje se može uočiti oko 28. TNO uz lateralnu granicu putamena. U jednom slučaju periventrikularnog krvarenja kod prematurusa sa preživljavanjem, našli smo reorganizaciju AChE pozitivnih područja u putamenu što upućuje na strukturnu plastičnost kortikostrijatalnih putova. Pretpostavljamo stoga da zone siromašne stanicama služe kao »čekaonice« za rastuća kortikostrijatalna vlakna koja pristupaju strijatumu kroz subkalozalni snop te preko kapsule eksterne. Razdoblje prisutnosti strijatalnih odjeljaka (14–30 TNO) predstavlja zapravo osjetljivi period za strukturnu plastičnost i vulnerabilnost nakon periventrikularne lezije.

    English abstract

    Previous studies have shown that in developing monkey corticostriatal fibres terminate around striatal cytoarchitectonic compartments--cell islands, showing transfiguration around 105th embryonic day (E105) of gestation. In the present study we have analyzed these striatal cytoarchitectonic islands and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) rich patches in the developing human brain considering them as structural indicators of the development of the corticostriatal pathways. Postmortal brain tissue of 27 fetuses and prematurely born infants, ranging from 11-34 postovulatory weeks (POW) whose deaths were attributed to non neurological causes, were processed by Nissl method, AChE histochemistry and imunocytochemical technique (synaptophysin). All specimens are part of the Zagreb Neuroembryological Collection. Initial AChE patches, presumably corresponding to the dopaminergic islands, were seen as early as 10 POW whereas cytoarchitectonical cell islands were not observed until 14 POW The main developmental change occurs between 20-24 POW when AChE negative cell poor zones develop around cell islands. This transient AChE pattern of striatal organization reaches its peak around 28 POW being most prominent along lateral border of putamen. In one case of periventricular hemorrhagic lesion with premortem survival period we have found reorganization of AChE patches in the putamen which indicates structural plasticity of corticostriatal pathways. In conclusion we propose that cell poor zones serve as waiting compartments for growing corticostriatal fibers which approach striatum through subcallosal bundle and external capsule. The period of the existence of striatal compartments (14-30 POW) is a sensitive period for structural plasticity and vulnerability after periventricular lesions.

    Item Type: Article
    MeSH: Acetylcholinesterase - analysis ; Brain - anatomy & histology - growth & development ; Corpus Striatum - embryology - growth & development ; Fetal Development ; Gestational Age ; Humans ; Infant, Newborn ; Neuronal Plasticity
    Divisions: Katedra za anatomiju i kliničku anatomiju
    Hrvatski institut za istraživanje mozga
    Depositing User: Boris Čičovački
    Status: Published
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Vukšić, Mario
    Radoš, Milan
    Kostović, Ivica
    Date: January 2008
    Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2008
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:10
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/394

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