Substituting dietary polyunsaturated fat with monounsaturated fat increases insulin sensitivity in cultured rat hepatocytes

Roša, Jagoda and Baraba, Anja and Bučević, Petra and Đorđijevski, Darija and Antolković, Ivan and Roša, Josip (2008) Substituting dietary polyunsaturated fat with monounsaturated fat increases insulin sensitivity in cultured rat hepatocytes. Collegium antropologicum, 32 (1). pp. 119-123. ISSN 0350-6134 (Print)

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Abstract

Increased dietary fat intake generally, and saturated fat specifically, will lead to impairment of insulin action and to development of metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to find out changing of hepatic glucose output in dependence of high monounsaturated and high polyunsaturated fat diet and possible direct action of insulin in hepatocytes. Hepatocytes were isolated by a collagenase perfusion technique and cultured for 24 h in M 199 serum-free medium. The glucose production in hepatocytes isolated from rats on high polyunsaturated fat diet, as well as those isolated from rats on high monounsaturated fat diet was significantly higher than in standard controls. Insulin significantly decreased glucose production but only in hepatocytes obtained from rats on high monounsaturated fat diet. On the other side energy expenditure was significantly higher in rats on high monounsaturated fat diet and significantly lower in rats on high polyunsaturated fat diet comparable with animals on standard diet. Monounsaturated fat in Mediterranean diet could have beneficial effect on the development of the metabolic syndrome by increasing insulin sensitivity and energy expenditure.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Insulin Resistance ; Dietary Fats, Unsaturated - pharmacology ; Hepatocytes - metabolism ; Animals ; Cells, Cultured ; Glucose - metabolism ; Male ; Rats ; Rats, Wistar ; Weight Gain
Departments: Katedra za fiziologiju i imunologiju
Depositing User: Boris Čičovački
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Roša, JagodaUNSPECIFIED
Baraba, AnjaUNSPECIFIED
Bučević, PetraUNSPECIFIED
Đorđijevski, DarijaUNSPECIFIED
Antolković, IvanUNSPECIFIED
Roša, JosipUNSPECIFIED
Date: March 2008
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2008
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 16:10
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/387

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