Recovery from sudden sensorineural hearing loss may be linked to chronic stress levels and steroid treatment resistance

Ajduk, Jakov and Košec, Andro and Kelava, Iva and Ries, Mihael and Gregurić, Tomislav and Kalogjera, Livije (2019) Recovery from sudden sensorineural hearing loss may be linked to chronic stress levels and steroid treatment resistance. American Journal of Audiology, 28 (2). pp. 315-321. ISSN 1059-0889

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Purpose This article investigates the possible connections between the level of chronic stress and success of steroid therapy in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Method A single-center, retrospective, longitudinal cohort study on 55 patients in a tertiary referral otology center was examined. Patients diagnosed with SSNHL between 2014 and 2017 were asked to complete a Measure of Perceived Stress (Brajac, Tkalcic, Dragojević, & Gruber, 2003 ) questionnaire. Inclusion criteria were patients > 18 years of age, SSNHL diagnosed within 4 previous weeks, completed steroid treatment, and complete documentation. Results There were 30 patients (55%) that showed significant improvement in their pure-tone audiogram (PTA) hearing threshold average (≥ 15 dB) after steroid treatment. Two-step cluster analysis identified 3 clusters based on average PTA hearing threshold recovery and average Measure of Perceived Stress scores. The difference between pretreatment and posttreatment hearing levels was significantly higher in the cluster with moderate stress compared to clusters with mild and high stress levels (Kruskal-Wallis test, Friedman test, p < .001). There were no significant differences in average PTA hearing threshold recovery after steroid therapy between groups of patients with mild and severe stress. Conclusion Patients with moderate stress levels show significantly better results after steroid treatment for SSNHL than patients with low or high stress levels.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adult ; Audiometry, Pure-Tone ; Chronic Disease ; Cluster Analysis ; Cohort Studies ; Female ; Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use ; Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / drug therapy ; Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / psychology ; Hearing Loss, Sudden / drug therapy ; Hearing Loss, Sudden / psychology ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate / therapeutic use ; Middle Aged ; Prognosis ; Recovery of Function ; Retrospective Studies ; Stress, Psychological / psychology ; Treatment Outcome
Departments: Katedra za otorinoloringologiju s audiologijom i fonijatrijom
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Gregurić, TomislavUNSPECIFIED
Kalogjera, LivijeUNSPECIFIED
Date: 10 June 2019
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2020 08:52
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2020 08:52
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