Pulse wave velocity as a measure of arterial stiffness in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Reiner, Željko and Simental-Mendía, Luis and Ruscica, Massimiliano and Katsiki, Niki and Banach, Maciej and Rasadi, Khalid and Jamialahmadi, Tannaz and Sahebkar, Amirhossein (2019) Pulse wave velocity as a measure of arterial stiffness in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Medical Science, 15 (6). pp. 1365-1374. ISSN 1734-1922

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Introduction: The aim of this meta-analysis was to establish whether vascular pulse wave velocity (PWV) as a measure of arterial stiffness is changed in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). ----- Material and methods: Studies comparing PWV between patients with FH and controls were searched in PubMed-Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases (up to November 26, 2017). A meta-analysis was conducted using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis V2 software. A random-effects model (using the DerSimonian-Laird method) and the generic inverse variance method were used to compensate for the heterogeneity of studies concerning demographic characteristics and differences in the studies' design. ----- Results: This meta-analysis of 8 studies involving 317 patients with FH and 244 non-FH individuals did not suggest a significantly altered PWV in FH patients versus controls (weighted mean difference (WMD): 0.17 m/s, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.31, 0.65, p = 0.489; I 2 = 80.15%). The result was robust in the sensitivity analysis and its significance was not influenced after omitting each of the included studies from the meta-analysis. Subanalysis of 6 of these studies which had data on intima-media thickness (IMT) indicated an increased IMT in FH patients when compared with controls (WMD = 0.03 mm, 95% CI: 0.003, 0.06, p = 0.034; I 2 = 48.95%). However, the effect size was sensitive to some of the included studies. ----- Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that FH patients do not have significantly altered PWV when compared with normocholesterolemic individuals. However, a subanalysis of studies in which IMT was measured indicated that IMT is increased in FH patients compared with controls.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Creative Commons licenses: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY -NC -SA 4.0). License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/).
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Simental-Mendía, LuisUNSPECIFIED
Ruscica, MassimilianoUNSPECIFIED
Jamialahmadi, TannazUNSPECIFIED
Sahebkar, AmirhosseinUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2019
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2020 08:43
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2020 08:43
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/3605

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