Role of platelet gene polymorphisms in ischemic pediatric stroke subtypes: a case-control study

Čeri, Andrea and Leniček Krleža, Jasna and Coen Herak, Désirée and Miloš, Marija and Pavić, Marina and Barišić, Nina and Đuranović, Vlasta and Zadro, Renata (2020) Role of platelet gene polymorphisms in ischemic pediatric stroke subtypes: a case-control study. Croatian Medical Journal, 61 (1). pp. 18-27. ISSN 0353-9504

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Aim: To assess the role of human platelet antigens (HPA), P-selectin gene (SELP) polymorphisms, and HPA and SELP haplotypes with factor V (FV) R506Q in ischemic pediatric stroke (IPS) subtypes: cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT), perinatal (PAIS), and childhood (CAIS) arterial ischemic stroke. ----- Methods: This case-control study enrolled 150 children with confirmed IPS and 150 age- and sex-matched controls. FV R506Q and HPA-1 were genotyped with CVD StripAssay®, HPA-2 and HPA-3 with real-time polymerase chain reaction, SELP S290N, V599L, and T715P with high resolution melting analysis, and SELP N562D with sequence-specific polymerase chain reaction. ----- Results: HPA-1b allele (odds ratio [OR] 2.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-7.42, P=0.048) and HPA-1a2a3b (OR 5.46, 95% CI 1.51-19.76, P=0.011), HPA-1b2a3a (OR 7.00, 95% CI 1.25-39.13, P=0.028), and HPA-1b2b3a (OR 11.39, 95% CI 1.39-92.95, P=0.024) haplotypes increased the risk for CSVT. HPA-3b allele was significantly associated with 2-fold lower risk for PAIS (OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.26-0.89, P=0.020) and CAIS (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.26-0.86, P=0.014) and non-significantly associated with increased risk for CSVT (OR 6.43, 95% CI 0.83-50.00, P=0.022). HPA-1a2b3a haplotype was significantly associated with CAIS (OR 6.76, 95% CI 2.13-21.44, P=0.001). The inclusion of FV R506Q in SELP haplotype analysis increased the risk for PAIS 4-fold in QNDVT carriers (OR 8.14, 95% CI 0.93-71.33, P=0.060) compared with NDVT haplotype (OR 2.45, 95% CI 0.98-6.18, P=0.058), but the result was not significant. ----- Conclusion: Individual HPAs, and particularly HPA haplotypes, are involved in IPS subtypes pathogenesis. A possible risk-inducing synergistic effect of SELP haplotypes with FV R506Q is restricted to PAIS only.

Item Type: Article
Departments: Katedra za pedijatriju
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Leniček Krleža, JasnaUNSPECIFIED
Coen Herak, DésiréeUNSPECIFIED
Đuranović, VlastaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 29 February 2020
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2020 10:52
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2020 10:52
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