Unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics to healthy/asymptomatic school-age carriers of potentially pathogenic bacteria

Kostić, Mirjana and Bedeković, Vladimir and Bastijančić-Kokić, Biserka and Lauc, Tomislav (2019) Unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics to healthy/asymptomatic school-age carriers of potentially pathogenic bacteria. Saudi Medical Journal, 40 (4). pp. 405-408. ISSN 0379-5284

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Objectives: To re-draw attention to the unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics. ----- Methods: We monitored nasopharyngeal colonization by 3 potentially pathogenic bacteria, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae type b in 81 children between the ages of 6 and 7 years who attended the same primary school. The children's health status was also monitored, without using antimicrobial treatment for healthy/asymptomatic carriers. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected on 6 occasions during autumn months, from mid-September to mid-December 2016. The children who fell ill during the study were treated at the Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic, Sisters of Mercy University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia. ----- Results: Four hundred and sixty-three nasopharyngeal swabs were collected. Each child had at least one positive swab result. Bacterial colonization with Streptococcus pyogenes had the highest colonization rate. During the study, 83% of the children were healthy/asymptomatic carriers with no clinical signs of disease, while 17% became ill. The statistical results showed that the increase in all examined bacteria was statistically significant. ----- Conclusions: Our study results showed that positive bacterial findings in nasopharyngeal swabs from clinically healthy carriers were not an indication for antibiotic therapy.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects ; Carrier State / microbiology ; Child ; Female ; Haemophilus influenzae type b / isolation & purification ; Haemophilus influenzae type b / pathogenicity ; Humans ; Inappropriate Prescribing / prevention & control ; Male ; Nasopharynx / microbiology ; Schools ; Seasons ; Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification ; Streptococcus pneumoniae / pathogenicity ; Streptococcus pyogenes / isolation & purification ; Streptococcus pyogenes / pathogenicity ; Time Factors
Departments: Katedra za otorinoloringologiju s audiologijom i fonijatrijom
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Kostić, MirjanaUNSPECIFIED
Bedeković, VladimirUNSPECIFIED
Bastijančić-Kokić, BiserkaUNSPECIFIED
Date: April 2019
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2020 12:56
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 12:56
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/3576

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