The role of vitamin D in inflammatory bowel disease – assessing therapeutic and poreventive potential of supplementation and food fortification

Leskovar, Dunja and Meštrović, Tomislav and Barešić, Anja and Kraljević, Ivana and Panek, Marina and Čipčić Paljetak, Hana and Perić, Mihaela and Matijašić, Mario and Rogić, Dunja and Barišić, Ana and Ljubas Kelečić, Dina and Vranešić Bender, Darija and Krznarić, Željko and Verbanac, Donatella (2018) The role of vitamin D in inflammatory bowel disease – assessing therapeutic and poreventive potential of supplementation and food fortification. Food Technology and Biotechnology, 56 (4). pp. 455-463. ISSN 1330-9862

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Inflammatory bowel diseases are a group of chronic inflammatory conditions that affect gastrointestinal tract due to inapt and continuous immune activation in response to a myriad of predisposing factors (most notably genetics, environmental impact and gut microbiota composition). It has been shown that vitamin D status can also play a role in the disease pathogenesis, as its deficiency is commonly observed in two major forms of inflammatory bowel diseases - Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Mounting evidence supports the concept of intricate relationship between gut dysbiosis and vitamin D metabolism, while suboptimal levels of this vitamin have been linked to increased clinical disease relapse rates, inadequate response to drugs, as well as decreased quality of life in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Consequently, the pertinent question is whether increased vitamin D supplementation and (on a population level) food fortification may bring significant benefit to the affected individuals. In this short review we discuss the synthesis, functions, status and food sources of vitamin D, appraise biotechnological facets of vitamin D status analysis and food fortification, and concentrate on novel developments in the field that describe its influence on intestinal microbiota and inflammatory bowel disease.

Item Type: Article
Departments: Centar za translacijska i klinička istraživanja
Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Leskovar, DunjaUNSPECIFIED
Meštrović, TomislavUNSPECIFIED
Kraljević, IvanaUNSPECIFIED
Čipčić Paljetak, HanaUNSPECIFIED
Matijašić, MarioUNSPECIFIED
Ljubas Kelečić, DinaUNSPECIFIED
Vranešić Bender, DarijaUNSPECIFIED
Krznarić, ŽeljkoUNSPECIFIED
Verbanac, DonatellaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2018
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2020 12:52
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2020 12:52
Subjects: /
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