Effect of food intake on hemodynamic parameters during the tilt-table test in patients with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome

Habek, Mario and Ruška, Berislav and Crnošija, Luka and Adamec, Ivan and Junaković, Anamari and Krbot Skorić, Magdalena (2019) Effect of food intake on hemodynamic parameters during the tilt-table test in patients with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome. Journal of Clinical Neurology, 15 (2). pp. 205-210. ISSN 1738-6586

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of food intake on the heart rate (HR) in postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). ----- METHODS: The following five-phase protocol was applied to 41 subjects who had a sustained HR increment of ≥30 beats/min within 10 min of standing in an initial tilt-table test: 1) 10-min supine phase, 2) 10-min 70°-tilted phase, 3) ingestion of 400 mL of Nutridrink Multi Fibre®, 4) 45-min supine phase, and 5) 10-min 70°-tilted phase. Subjects were divided into four groups: A) difference in HR for standing vs. supine (ΔHR) before the meal of ≥30 beats/min (n=13), B) ΔHR <30 beats/min before the meal but ≥30 beats/min after the meal (n=12), and C) ΔHR <30 beats/min both before and after the meal (n=16). Group D consisted of 10 healthy subjects. ----- RESULTS: Before the meal, ΔHR was significantly higher in group A than in all of the other groups, and in group B than in group D (p<0.001). After the meal, ΔHR was significantly higher in groups A and B (p<0.001 and p<0.0001, respectively). When we pooled patients (according to their symptoms) from group A and B into a POTS group and from group C and D into a non-POTS group, an increase in HR of 25 beats/min before the meal had a sensitivity of 92.0% and a specificity of 80.8%. After the meal, an increase in HR of 30 beats/min had a sensitivity of 96.0% and a specificity of 96.2%. ----- CONCLUSIONS: Food intake can significantly alter the results of the tilt-table test and so should be taken into account when diagnosing POTS.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Departments: Katedra za neurologiju
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Ruška, BerislavUNSPECIFIED
Junaković, AnamariUNSPECIFIED
Krbot Skorić, MagdalenaUNSPECIFIED
Date: April 2019
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2019 11:52
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 14:04
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/3474

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