Škljocavi palac u djece [Trigger thumb in children]

Pavljak, Lucija and Bulić, Krešimir and Antabak, Anko (2019) Škljocavi palac u djece [Trigger thumb in children]. Liječnički vjesnik, 141 (3-4). pp. 91-96. ISSN 0024-3477

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Abstract

The natural course of the condition in pediatric trigger thumb is still controversial, and accordingly, the recommendations for treatment vary considerably and there are no clear and broadly accepted guidelines. In this paper, we tried to provide a current literary overview of the disease progression and diagnostic and therapeutic abilities with an emphasis on the ultimate outcome of the treatment. Trigger thumb represents one of the most common pediatric hand conditions, mostly seen in preschool children. As a result of anatomic size mismatch between the flexor pollicis longus tendon and its sheath, disrupted tendon gliding is characteristic. The interphalangeal joint of the affected thumb fixed in a flexion contracture presents typical clinical finding. The first description of trigger thumb is attributed to Notta, and the palpable nodule at the volar aspect of the interphalangeal joint flexion crease still bears his name. Medical history and physical examination are used to diagnose this deformity with ultrasound as a potential early diagnostic tool. It is possible to misdiagnose a fracture, dislocation of the thumb or thumb-in-palm deformity. Clinical investigation has improved our understanding of the natural history and its benignancy. Therapeutic treatment depends on parent and physician preference. It can be either conservative, consisting of splint therapy and passive stretching exercises, or surgical, releasing of the A1 pulley that reliably restores thumb interphalangeal joint motion. Although it may take several years for spontaneous resolution, families willing to wait are given an opportunity to avoid hospitalization stress and surgical intervention.

Abstract in Croatian

Prirodan tijek bolesti kod škljocavog palca u djece još je predmet neslaganja, a sukladno tomu i preporuke za liječenje znatno se razlikuju te ne postoje jasne i široko prihvaćene smjernice. Ovim radom pokušali smo dati trenutačni literaturni pregled spoznaja o tijeku bolesti te dijagnostičkim i terapijskim mogućnostima s naglaskom na konačnom ishodu liječenja. Škljocavi palac jedna je od najčešćih anomalija dječje šake i uglavnom se vidi u djece predškolske dobi. Karakteristično je otežano klizanje tetive fleksora policisa longusa kroz njezinu ovojnicu, što je posljedica anatomskog nesklada njihovih veličina. Tipičan klinički nalaz jest palac fiksiran u fleksijskoj kontrakturi, na razini interfalangealnog zgloba. Prvi opis dao je Notta, čije ime i danas nosi palpabilna masa tetive fleksora policisa longusa u području A1 pulleya. Dijagnoza se obično postavlja temeljem anamneze i fizikalnog pregleda, uz ultrazvuk kao korisno rano dijagnostičko sredstvo. Škljocavi palac dijagnostički treba razlučiti od dislokacije, frakture ili anomalije poznate kao deformacija palca u dlanu. Klinička istraživanja poboljšala su razumijevanje i benignost prirodnog tijeka bolesti. Terapijski postupak ovisi o izboru roditelja i liječnika. On može biti konzervativan, s pomoću udlage i izvođenjem vježba pasivne ekstenzije, ili kirurški, presijecanjem A1 pulleya, što pouzdano vraća pokretljivost interfalangealnog zgloba palca. Spontani oporavak može trajati godinama, no on pruža obiteljima voljnim čekanja mogućnost izbjegavanja stresa hospitalizacije i operacijskog liječenja.

Item Type: Article
Departments: Katedra za kirurgiju
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Pavljak, LucijaUNSPECIFIED
Bulić, KrešimirUNSPECIFIED
Antabak, AnkoUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2019
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2019 09:33
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2019 09:33
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/3470

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