Perspectives of patients with insulin-treated type 1 and type 2 diabetes on hypoglycemia: results of the HAT observational study in Central and Eastern European countries

Haluzik, Martin and Kretowski, Adam and Strojek, Krzysztof and Czupryniak, Leszek and Janez, Andrej and Kempler, Peter and Andel, Michal and Tankova, Tsvetalina and Boyanov, Mihail and Smirčić Duvnjak, Lea and Madacsy, Laszlo and Tarnowska, Iwona and Zychma, Marcin and Lalic, Nebojša (2018) Perspectives of patients with insulin-treated type 1 and type 2 diabetes on hypoglycemia: results of the HAT observational study in Central and Eastern European countries. Diabetes Therapy, 9 (2). pp. 727-741. ISSN 1869-6953

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (599kB)


INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness of hypoglycemia, the level of fear for hypoglycemia, and the response to hypoglycemic events among insulin-treated diabetes patients from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The impact of hypoglycemia on the use of healthcare resources and patient productivity was also assessed. ----- METHODS: This was a multicenter, non-interventional, two-part, patient self-reported questionnaire study that comprised both a retrospective cross-sectional evaluation and a prospective observational evaluation. Study participants were insulin-treated adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from CEE. ----- RESULTS: Most patients (85.4% T1DM and 83.6% T2DM) reported normal hypoglycemia awareness. The median hypoglycemia fear score was 5 out of 10 for T1DM and 4 out of 10 for T2DM patients. Patients increased glucose monitoring, consulted a doctor/nurse, and/or reduced the insulin dose in response to hypoglycemia. As a consequence of hypoglycemia, patients took leave from work/studies or arrived late and/or left early. Hospitalization was required for 31 (1.2%) patients with T1DM and 66 (2.1%) patients with T2DM. ----- CONCLUSION: Hypoglycemia impacts patients’ personal and social functioning, reduces productivity, and results in additional costs, both direct (related to increased use of healthcare resources) and indirect (related to absenteeism).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( by-nc/4.0/), which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Haluzik, MartinUNSPECIFIED
Kretowski, AdamUNSPECIFIED
Strojek, KrzysztofUNSPECIFIED
Czupryniak, LeszekUNSPECIFIED
Tankova, TsvetalinaUNSPECIFIED
Boyanov, MihailUNSPECIFIED
Smirčić Duvnjak, LeaUNSPECIFIED
Madacsy, LaszloUNSPECIFIED
Tarnowska, IwonaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 9 April 2018
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2019 07:38
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 07:47
Subjects: /
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year