Arrival of carbapenem-hydrolyzing-oxacillinases in Acinetobacter baumannii in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Petrović, Tanja and Uzunović, Selma and Barišić, Ivan and Luxner, Josefa and Grisold, Andrea and Zarfel, Gernot and Ibrahimagić, Amir and Jakovac, Sanja and Slaćanac, Domagoj and Bedenić, Branka (2018) Arrival of carbapenem-hydrolyzing-oxacillinases in Acinetobacter baumannii in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 58. pp. 192-198. ISSN 1567-1348

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Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) is an important threat for critically ill patients. It can infect the respiratory tract, blood, soft tissues, urinary tract and central nervous system. Recently, carbapenem-resistance was observed in A. baumannii clinical isolates from Bosnia and Herzegovina. This prompted us to analyze these isolates with regards to genotypic diversity, antibiotic susceptibility and occurrence of acquired carbapenem resistance genes. Twelve carbapenem-resistant isolates were collected at a University hospital during two different periods of 2011 and 2015-2016: four isolates in 2011 and eight isolates 2015-2016 and compared to determine the dynamic changes in carbapenemase resistance mechanisms and population structure. All twelve isolates were positive for intrinsic blaOXA-51-like, nine for blaOXA-40-like and one for the blaOXA-23-like gene. ISAba1 was found upstream of blaOXA-51 in all and upstream of blaOXA-23-like gene in one isolate. Sequencing of the selected PCR products revealed the presence of OXA-72 β- lactamase (strain 1) and OXA-23 β-lactamase (strain 41). WGS of the selected isolate (AB 5) revealed the presence of blaOXA-72, chromosomal genes blaOXA-69 and blaADC. Moreover, the aac (3)-1a and aadA1 genes encoding aminoglycoside resistance, and sul1encoding sulphonamide resistance were identified. PFGE and rep-PCR revealed two clones containing highly similar isolates positive for OXA-40-like; one from 2011 and the other from 2015- 2016. Implementation of hospital hygiene measures, screening of the patients on admission for carriage of MDR-AB, and the early and accurate detection, with restriction of antibiotic use should be recommended to control the spread of these important hospital pathogenes. To our knowledge, this is the first report of A. baumannii isolates producing carbapenem-hydrolyzing oxacillinases (CHDL) from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Acinetobacter baumannii/drug effects ; Acinetobacter baumannii/enzymology ; Acinetobacter baumannii/genetics ; Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Carbapenems/pharmacology ; Drug Resistance, Bacterial ; Genes, Bacterial ; Genotype ; Humans ; Microbial Sensitivity Tests ; Phylogeny ; beta-Lactamases/genetics ; beta-Lactamases/metabolism
Departments: Katedra za medicinsku mikrobiologiju i parazitologiju
Depositing User: Kristina Berketa
Status: Published
Petrović, TanjaUNSPECIFIED
Uzunović, SelmaUNSPECIFIED
Grisold, AndreaUNSPECIFIED
Ibrahimagić, AmirUNSPECIFIED
Slaćanac, DomagojUNSPECIFIED
Bedenić, BrankaUNSPECIFIED
Date: March 2018
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2019 07:14
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 07:14
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