Impact of induction regimen and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation on outcome in younger adults with acute myeloid leukemia with a monosomal karyotype

Baron, Frédéric and Stevens-Kroef, Marian and Kicinski, Michal and Meloni, Giovanna and Muus, Petra and Marie, Jean-Pierre and Halkes, Constantijn J.M. and Thomas, Xavier and Vrhovac, Radovan and Albano, Francesco and Lefrère, François and Sica, Simona and Mancini, Marco and Venditti, Adriano and Hagemeijer, Anne and Jansen, Joop H. and Amadori, Sergio and de Witte, Theo and Willemze, Roelof and Suciu, Stefan (2019) Impact of induction regimen and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation on outcome in younger adults with acute myeloid leukemia with a monosomal karyotype. Haematologica, 104 (6). pp. 1168-1175. ISSN 0390-6078

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Abstract

Monosomal karyotype confers a poor prognosis in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Here, we determined the impact of the type of remission-induction chemotherapy and the impact of having a donor in younger acute myeloid leukemia patients with a monosomal karyotype included in two phase III trials. In the first trial patients were randomized to receive either daunorubicin, mitoxantrone, or idarubicin in addition to standard-dose cytarabine and etoposide for induction chemotherapy. In the second trial patients were randomized to standard-dose cytarabine or high-dose cytarabine induction, both with daunorubicin and etoposide. In both trials, patients who achieved a complete remission with or without complete hematologic recovery underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation if they had a donor; otherwise, they underwent autologous transplantation. In comparison to patients with intermediate-risk cytogenetics without a monosomal karyotype (n=1,584) and with adverse cytogenetics without a monosomal karyotype (n=218), patients with a monosomal karyotype (n=188) were more likely not to achieve a complete remission with or without count recovery [odds ratio=2.85, 95% confidence interval (95%, CI): 2.10-3.88] and had shorter overall survival [hazard ratio, (HR)=2.44, 95% CI: 2.08-2.88]. There was no impact of the type of anthracycline or of the dose of cytarabine on outcomes in patients with a monosomal karyotype. Among monosomal karyo type patients who achieved a complete remission with or without count recovery, HLA-identical related donor availability was associated with longer survival from complete remission with or without count recovery (HR=0.59, 95% CI: 0.37-0.95). ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: AML-10: NCT00002549; AML-12: NCT00004128.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©2019 Ferrata Storti Foundation Material published in Haematologica is covered by copyright. All rights are reserved to the Ferrata Storti Foundation. Use of published material is allowed under the following terms and conditions: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode. Copies of published material are allowed for personal or internal use. Sharing published material for non-commercial purposes is subject to the following conditions: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode, sect. 3. Reproducing and sharing published material for commercial purposes is not allowed without permission in writing from the publisher.
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Baron, FrédéricUNSPECIFIED
Stevens-Kroef, MarianUNSPECIFIED
Kicinski, MichalUNSPECIFIED
Meloni, GiovannaUNSPECIFIED
Muus, PetraUNSPECIFIED
Marie, Jean-PierreUNSPECIFIED
Halkes, Constantijn J.M.UNSPECIFIED
Thomas, XavierUNSPECIFIED
Vrhovac, RadovanUNSPECIFIED
Albano, FrancescoUNSPECIFIED
Lefrère, FrançoisUNSPECIFIED
Sica, SimonaUNSPECIFIED
Mancini, MarcoUNSPECIFIED
Venditti, AdrianoUNSPECIFIED
Hagemeijer, AnneUNSPECIFIED
Jansen, Joop H.UNSPECIFIED
Amadori, SergioUNSPECIFIED
de Witte, TheoUNSPECIFIED
Willemze, RoelofUNSPECIFIED
Suciu, StefanUNSPECIFIED
Date: June 2019
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2019 11:13
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 11:13
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/3281

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