Hypopituitarism after gamma knife radiosurgery for pituitary adenoma

Zibar Tomšić, Karin and Dušek, Tina and Kraljević, Ivana and Heinrich, Zdravko and Solak, Mirsala and Vučinović, Ana and Ozretić, David and Mihailović Marasanov, Sergej and Hršak, Hrvoje and Kaštelan, Darko (2017) Hypopituitarism after gamma knife radiosurgery for pituitary adenoma. Endocrine Research, 42 (4). pp. 318-324. ISSN 0743-5800

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PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of and risk factors for hypopituitarism after gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for pituitary adenoma. ----- MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the pituitary function of 90 patients who underwent GKRS for pituitary adenoma at the University Hospital Centre Zagreb between 2003 and 2014. Twenty seven of them met the inclusion criteria and the others were excluded from the study due to pituitary insufficiency which was present before GKRS. Eighteen patients had non-functioning and 9 patients had secretory adenomas. Median patients' age was 56 years (24-82). GKRS was performed using the Leksell gamma knife Model C. The median prescription radiation dose was 20 Gy (15-25) and the median tumor volume size was 3.4 cm3 (0.06-16.81). New onset hypopituitarism was defined as a new deficit of one of the three hormonal axes (corticotroph, thyreotroph, or gonadotroph) ≥3 months following GKRS. SPSS was used for statistical analysis, with the significance level at P<0.05. ----- RESULTS: During the median follow-up period of 72 months (range 6-144), 30% of patients developed new hypopituitarism after GKRS. This corresponds to incidence of one new case of hypopituitarism per 15 patient-years. Age, gender, tumor function, tumor volume, suprasellar extension, prescription dose of radiation, as well as dose-volume to the pituitary gland, stalk and hypothalamus were not predictive factors for the development of hypopituitarism. ----- CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of patients with pituitary tumors who underwent GKRS, 30% developed new hypopituitarism during the follow-up period.

Item Type: Article
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Katedra za radiologiju i opću kliničku onkologiju
Depositing User: Martina Žužak
Status: Published
Zibar Tomšić, KarinUNSPECIFIED
Kraljević, IvanaUNSPECIFIED
Heinrich, ZdravkoUNSPECIFIED
Mihailović Marasanov, SergejUNSPECIFIED
Kaštelan, DarkoUNSPECIFIED
Date: November 2017
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2019 12:37
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 09:51
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2904

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