Non-linear actions of physiological agents: Finite disarrangements elicit fitness benefits

Sedlić, Filip and Kovač, Zdenko (2017) Non-linear actions of physiological agents: Finite disarrangements elicit fitness benefits. Redox Biology, 13. pp. 235-243. ISSN 2213-2317

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Finite disarrangements of important (vital) physiological agents and nutrients can induce plethora of beneficial effects, exceeding mere attenuation of the specific stress. Such response to disrupted homeostasis appears to be universally conserved among species. The underlying mechanism of improved fitness and longevity, when physiological agents act outside their normal range is similar to hormesis, a phenomenon whereby toxins elicit beneficial effects at low doses. Due to similarity with such non-linear response to toxins described with J-shaped curve, we have coined a new term "mirror J-shaped curves" for non-linear response to finite disarrangement of physiological agents. Examples from the clinical trials and basic research are provided, along with the unifying mechanisms that tie classical non-linear response to toxins with the non-linear response to physiological agents (glucose, oxygen, osmolarity, thermal energy, calcium, body mass, calorie intake and exercise). Reactive oxygen species and cytosolic calcium seem to be common triggers of signaling pathways that result in these beneficial effects. Awareness of such phenomena and exploring underlying mechanisms can help physicians in their everyday practice. It can also benefit researchers when designing studies and interpreting growing number of scientific data showing non-linear responses to physiological agents.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license(
Departments: Katedra za patofiziologiju
Depositing User: Martina Žužak
Status: Published
Date: October 2017
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 10:58
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 09:23
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