Diabetic ketosis during hyperglycemic crisis is associated with decreased all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Kruljac, Ivan and Ćaćić, Miroslav and Ćaćić, Petra and Ostojić, Vedran and Štefanović, Mario and Šikić, Aljoša and Vrkljan, Milan (2017) Diabetic ketosis during hyperglycemic crisis is associated with decreased all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Endocrine, 55 (1). pp. 139-143. ISSN 1355-008X

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Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have impaired ketogenesis due to high serum insulin and low growth hormone levels. Evidence exists that ketone bodies might improve kidney and cardiac function. In theory, improved ketogenesis in diabetics may have positive effects. We aimed to assess the impact of diabetic ketosis on all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus presenting with hyperglycemic crisis. We analyzed 486 patients with diabetic ketosis and 486 age and sex-matched patients with non-ketotic hyperglycemia presenting to the emergency department. Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze the link between patient characteristics and mortality. During an observation time of 33.4 months, death of any cause occurred in 40.9 % of the non-ketotic hyperglycemia group and 30.2 % of the DK group (hazard ratio in the diabetic ketosis group, 0.63; 95 % confidence interval 0.48-0.82; P = 0.0005). Patients with diabetic ketosis had a lower incidence of symptomatic heart failure and had improved renal function. They used less furosemide and antihypertensive drugs, more metformin and lower insulin doses, all of which was independently associated with decreased mortality. Plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin levels were similar in both groups. Patients with hyperglycemic crisis and diabetic ketosis have decreased all-cause mortality when compared to those with non-ketotic hyperglycemia. diabetic ketosis might be a compensatory mechanism rather than a complication in patients with hyperglycemic crises, but further prospective studies are warranted.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Aged ; Croatia/epidemiology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/mortality ; Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/epidemiology ; Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/mortality ; Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/physiopathology ; Diabetic Ketoacidosis/etiology ; Diabetic Ketoacidosis/therapy ; Diabetic Nephropathies/epidemiology ; Diabetic Nephropathies/mortality ; Diabetic Nephropathies/physiopathology ; Emergency Service, Hospital ; Heart Failure/complications ; Heart Failure/epidemiology ; Heart Failure/mortality ; Heart Failure/physiopathology ; Hospitals, Teaching ; Humans ; Hyperglycemia/physiopathology ; Incidence ; Kidney Diseases/complications ; Kidney Diseases/epidemiology ; Kidney Diseases/mortality ; Kidney Diseases/physiopathology ; Middle Aged ; Mortality ; Registries ; Retrospective Studies ; Severity of Illness Index ; Survival Analysis
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Martina Žužak
Status: Published
Ćaćić, MiroslavUNSPECIFIED
Ostojić, VedranUNSPECIFIED
Štefanović, MarioUNSPECIFIED
Date: January 2017
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 13:48
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 07:10
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2753

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