Combined ovulation triggering with GnRH agonist and hCG in IVF patients

Kasum, Miro and Kurdija, Kristijan and Orešković, Slavko and Čehić, Ermin and Pavičić-Baldani, Dinka and Škrgatić, Lana (2016) Combined ovulation triggering with GnRH agonist and hCG in IVF patients. Gynecological Endocrinology, 32 (11). pp. 861-865. ISSN 0951-3590

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The aim of the review is to analyse the combination of a gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist with a human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) trigger, for final oocyte maturation in in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycles. The concept being a ''dual trigger'' combines a single dose of the GnRH agonist with a reduced or standard dosage of hCG at the time of triggering. The use of a GnRH agonist with a reduced dose of hCG in high responders demonstrated luteal phase support with improved pregnancy rates, similar to those after conventional hCG and a low risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The administration of a GnRH agonist and a standard hCG in normal responders, demonstrated significantly improved live-birth rates and a higher number of embryos of excellent quality, or cryopreserved embryos. The concept of the ''double trigger" represents a combination of a GnRH agonist and a standard hCG, when used 40 and 34 h prior to ovum pick-up, respectively. The use of the ''double trigger" has been successfully offered in the treatment of empty follicle syndrome and in patients with a history of immature oocytes retrieved or with low/poor oocytes yield. Further prospective studies are required to confirm the aforementioned observations prior to clinical implementation.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adult ; Chorionic Gonadotropin/administration & dosage ; Chorionic Gonadotropin/pharmacology ; Drug Therapy, Combination ; Female ; Fertilization in Vitro/methods ; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/administration & dosage ; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/agonists ; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/pharmacology ; Humans ; Ovulation Induction/methods
Departments: Katedra za ginekologiju i opstetriciju
Depositing User: Martina Žužak
Status: Published
Kurdija, KristijanUNSPECIFIED
Orešković, SlavkoUNSPECIFIED
Pavičić-Baldani, DinkaUNSPECIFIED
Date: November 2016
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 13:37
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2020 08:10
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