A European spectrum of pharmacogenomic biomarkers: implications for clinical pharmacogenomics.

Mizzi, Clint and Dalabira, Eleni and Kumuthini, Judit and Dzimiri, Nduna and Balogh, Istvan and Başak, Nazli and Böhm, Ruwen and Borg, Joseph and Borgiani, Paola and Božina, Nada and Bruckmueller, Henrike and Burzynska, Beata and Carracedo, Angel and Cascorbi, Ingolf and Deltas, Constantinos and Dolzan, Vita and Fenech, Anthony and Grech, Godfrey and Kasiulevicius, Vytautas and Kádaši, Ľudevít and Kučinskas, Vaidutis and Khusnutdinova, Elza and Loukas, Yiannis L. and Macek, Milan and Makukh, Halyna and Mathijssen, Ron and Mitropoulos, Konstantinos and Mitropoulou, Christina and Novelli, Giuseppe and Papantoni, Ioanna and Pavlovic, Sonja and Saglio, Giuseppe and Sertić, Jadranka and Stojiljkovic, Maja and Stubbs, Andrew P. and Squassina, Alessio and Torres, Maria and Turnovec, Marek and van Schaik, Ron H. and Voskarides, Konstantinos and Wakil, Salma M. and Werk, Anneke and del Zompo, Maria and Zukic, Branka and Katsila, Theodora and Lee, Ming Ta Michael and Motsinger-Rief, Alison and Mc Leod, Howard L. and van der Spek, Peter J. and Patrinos, George P. (2016) A European spectrum of pharmacogenomic biomarkers: implications for clinical pharmacogenomics. PLoS ONE, 11 (9). e0162866. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Pharmacogenomics aims to correlate inter-individual differences of drug efficacy and/or toxicity with the underlying genetic composition, particularly in genes encoding for protein factors and enzymes involved in drug metabolism and transport. In several European populations, particularly in countries with lower income, information related to the prevalence of pharmacogenomic biomarkers is incomplete or lacking. Here, we have implemented the microattribution approach to assess the pharmacogenomic biomarkers allelic spectrum in 18 European populations, mostly from developing European countries, by analyzing 1,931 pharmacogenomics biomarkers in 231 genes. Our data show significant inter-population pharmacogenomic biomarker allele frequency differences, particularly in 7 clinically actionable pharmacogenomic biomarkers in 7 European populations, affecting drug efficacy and/or toxicity of 51 medication treatment modalities. These data also reflect on the differences observed in the prevalence of high-risk genotypes in these populations, as far as common markers in the CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A5, VKORC1, SLCO1B1 and TPMT pharmacogenes are concerned. Also, our data demonstrate notable differences in predicted genotype-based warfarin dosing among these populations. Our findings can be exploited not only to develop guidelines for medical prioritization, but most importantly to facilitate integration of pharmacogenomics and to support pre-emptive pharmacogenomic testing. This may subsequently contribute towards significant cost-savings in the overall healthcare expenditure in the participating countries, where pharmacogenomics implementation proves to be cost-effective.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016 Mizzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
MeSH: Anticoagulants/administration & dosage ; Anticoagulants/pharmacokinetics ; Cluster Analysis ; Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9/genetics ; Ethnic Groups/genetics ; Europe ; Genetic Markers ; Humans ; Pharmacogenetics ; Vitamin K Epoxide Reductases/genetics ; Warfarin/administration & dosage ; Warfarin/pharmacokinetics
Departments: Katedra za medicinsku kemiju, biokemiju i kliničku kemiju
Depositing User: Martina Žužak
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mizzi, ClintUNSPECIFIED
Dalabira, EleniUNSPECIFIED
Kumuthini, JuditUNSPECIFIED
Dzimiri, NdunaUNSPECIFIED
Balogh, IstvanUNSPECIFIED
Başak, NazliUNSPECIFIED
Böhm, RuwenUNSPECIFIED
Borg, JosephUNSPECIFIED
Borgiani, PaolaUNSPECIFIED
Božina, NadaUNSPECIFIED
Bruckmueller, HenrikeUNSPECIFIED
Burzynska, BeataUNSPECIFIED
Carracedo, AngelUNSPECIFIED
Cascorbi, IngolfUNSPECIFIED
Deltas, ConstantinosUNSPECIFIED
Dolzan, VitaUNSPECIFIED
Fenech, AnthonyUNSPECIFIED
Grech, GodfreyUNSPECIFIED
Kasiulevicius, VytautasUNSPECIFIED
Kádaši, ĽudevítUNSPECIFIED
Kučinskas, VaidutisUNSPECIFIED
Khusnutdinova, ElzaUNSPECIFIED
Loukas, Yiannis L.UNSPECIFIED
Macek, MilanUNSPECIFIED
Makukh, HalynaUNSPECIFIED
Mathijssen, RonUNSPECIFIED
Mitropoulos, KonstantinosUNSPECIFIED
Mitropoulou, ChristinaUNSPECIFIED
Novelli, GiuseppeUNSPECIFIED
Papantoni, IoannaUNSPECIFIED
Pavlovic, SonjaUNSPECIFIED
Saglio, GiuseppeUNSPECIFIED
Sertić, JadrankaUNSPECIFIED
Stojiljkovic, MajaUNSPECIFIED
Stubbs, Andrew P.UNSPECIFIED
Squassina, AlessioUNSPECIFIED
Torres, MariaUNSPECIFIED
Turnovec, MarekUNSPECIFIED
van Schaik, Ron H.UNSPECIFIED
Voskarides, KonstantinosUNSPECIFIED
Wakil, Salma M.UNSPECIFIED
Werk, AnnekeUNSPECIFIED
del Zompo, MariaUNSPECIFIED
Zukic, BrankaUNSPECIFIED
Katsila, TheodoraUNSPECIFIED
Lee, Ming Ta MichaelUNSPECIFIED
Motsinger-Rief, AlisonUNSPECIFIED
Mc Leod, Howard L.UNSPECIFIED
van der Spek, Peter J.UNSPECIFIED
Patrinos, George P.UNSPECIFIED
Date: 16 September 2016
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2017 11:32
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2017 11:45
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2693

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