Diagnostic accuracy of perioperative measurement of basal anterior pituitary and target gland hormones in predicting adrenal insufficiency after pituitary surgery

Čerina, Vatroslav and Kruljac, Ivan and Marinković Radošević, Jelena and Kirigin, Lora Stanka and Stipić, Darko and Pećina, Hrvoje Ivan and Vrkljan, Milan (2016) Diagnostic accuracy of perioperative measurement of basal anterior pituitary and target gland hormones in predicting adrenal insufficiency after pituitary surgery. Medicine, 95 (9). e2898. ISSN 0025-7974

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The insulin tolerance test (ITT) is the gold standard for diagnosing adrenal insufficiency (AI) after pituitary surgery. The ITT is unpleasant for patients, requires close medical supervision and is contraindicated in several comorbidities. The aim of this study was to analyze whether tumor size, remission rate, preoperative, and early postoperative baseline hormone concentrations could serve as predictors of AI in order to increase the diagnostic accuracy of morning serum cortisol. This prospective study enrolled 70 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pituitary adenomas. Thirty-seven patients had nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NPA), 28 had prolactinomas and 5 had somatotropinomas. Thyroxin (T4), thyrotropin (TSH), prolactin, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) were measured preoperatively and on the sixth postoperative day. Serum morning cortisol was measured on the third postoperative day (CORT3) as well as the sixth postoperative day (CORT6). Tumor mass was measured preoperatively and remission was assessed 3 months after surgery. An ITT was performed 3 to 6 months postoperatively. Remission was achieved in 48% of patients and AI occurred in 51%. Remission rates and tumor type were not associated with AI. CORT3 had the best predictive value for AI (area under the curve (AUC) 0.868, sensitivity 82.4%, specificity 83.3%). Tumor size, preoperative T4, postoperative T4, and TSH were also associated with AI in a multivariate regression model. A combination of all preoperative and postoperative variables (excluding serum cortisol) had a sensitivity of 75.0% and specificity of 77.8%. The predictive power of CORT3 substantially improved by adding those variables into the model (AUC 0.921, sensitivity 94.1%, specificity 78.3%, PPV 81.9%, NPV of 92.7%). In a subgroup analysis that included only female patients with NPA, LH had exactly the same predictive value as CORT3. The addition of baseline LH to CORT3, increased sensitivity to 100.0%, specificity to 88.9%, PPV to 90.4%, and NPV to 100.0%. Besides CORT3, tumor size, thyroid hormones, and gonadotropins can serve as predictors of AI. LH in postmenopausal female patients with NPA has similar diagnostic accuracy as CORT3. Further studies are needed in order to validate the scoring system proposed by this study.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives License 4.0, which allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to the author.
MeSH: Adrenal Insufficiency/blood ; Adult ; Anthropometry ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Perioperative Period ; Pituitary Gland/surgery ; Pituitary Hormones, Anterior/blood ; Postoperative Complications/blood ; Predictive Value of Test ; Prospective Studies ; ROC Curve
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Martina Žužak
Status: Published
Čerina, VatroslavUNSPECIFIED
Marinković Radošević, JelenaUNSPECIFIED
Kirigin, Lora StankaUNSPECIFIED
Pećina, Hrvoje IvanUNSPECIFIED
Date: March 2016
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2017 12:12
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2020 07:09
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2681

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