Gašparović, Stojanka and Rustemović, Nadan and Opačić, Milorad and Premužić, Marina and Korušić, Anđelko and Božikov, Jadranka and Bates, Tamara
Clinical analysis of propofol deep sedation for 1,104 patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures: A three year prospective study.
World journal of gastroenterology, 12 (2).
AIM: To analyze the hemodynamic and respiratory effects of propofol on patients undergoing gastroscopy and colonoscopy. - - - - - METHODS: In this prospective study, conducted over a period of three years, 1,104 patients referred for a same day GI endoscopy procedure were analyzed. All patients were given a propofol bolus (0.5-1.5 mg/kg). Arterial blood pressure (BP) was monitored at 3 min intervals and heart rate and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded continuously by pulse oximetry. Analyzed data acquisition was carried out before, during, and after the procedure. - - - - - RESULTS: A statistically significant reduction in mean arterial pressure was demonstrated (P<0.001) when compared to pre-intervention values, but severe hypotension, defined as a systolic blood pressure below 60 mmHg, was noted in only 5 patients (0.5%). Oxygen saturation decreased from 96.5% to 94.4 % (P<0.001). A critical decrease in oxygen saturation (<90%) was documented in 27 patients (2.4%). - - - - - CONCLUSION: Our results showed that propofol provided good sedation with excellent pain control, a short recovery time and no significant hemodynamic side effects if carefully titrated. All the patients (and especially ASA III group) require monitoring and care of an anesthesiologist.
||Conscious Sedation ; Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal ; Hypnotics and Sedatives - pharmacology ; Propofol - pharmacology ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Blood Pressure - drug effects ; Female ; Heart Rate - drug effects ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Oxygen - blood ; Prospective Studies
||Katedra za internu medicinu
||14 January 2006
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