Levels of selected oxidative stress markers in the vitreous and serum of diabetic retinopathy patients

Brzović-Šarić, Vlatka and Landeka, Irena and Šarić, Borna and Barberić, Monika and Andrijašević, Lidija and Cerovski, Branimir and Oršolić, Nada and Đikić, Domagoj (2015) Levels of selected oxidative stress markers in the vitreous and serum of diabetic retinopathy patients. Molecular Vision, 21. pp. 649-664. ISSN 1090-0535

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PURPOSE In diabetes, an impaired antioxidant defense system contributes to the development of diabetic retinopathy. The main objective of this paper was to find correlations of oxidative stress parameters within and between the vitreous and serum in patients with type 2 diabetes who had developed proliferative diabetic retinopathy. ----- METHODS The study included and compared two groups of patients who underwent vitrectomy: 37 patients with type 2 diabetes and proliferative retinopathy (PDR), and 50 patients with non-diabetic eye disorders (NDED). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), advanced oxidized protein product (AOPP), and oxidative stress markers (direct lipid hydroperoxidation (LPO), malondialdehyde (MDA), total superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione (GSH)) were measured in the vitreous and serum of both groups and correlated with one another, between humoral compartments and with gender, age, and serum glucose levels. ----- RESULTS In the vitreous of PDR patients, VEGF, LPO, and MDA (p<0.05) were increased and SOD values were slightly lowered (p<0.05) than in NDED patients. Vitreous AOPP and GSH showed no differences between the groups. In the serum, AOPP, MDA, and SOD were increased (p<0.05) and VEGF was slightly increased (p<0.05) in the PDR group compared to NDED. With regard to gender, similar changes were recorded for both groups, except for the lower serum MDA in males than females in the NDED group. Advanced age showed no significant effect on changes of measured parameters in the vitreous. In the serum, VEGF was positively correlated (p<0.05) and MDA and SOD negatively correlated (p<0.05) with increasing age. Among measured parameters within and between the vitreous and serum, several correlative links occurred in the PDR group that were not present in the NDED group. The most prominent correlation changes were between serum LPO and vitreal LPO, serum SOD and vitreal LPO, serum LPO and serum SOD, and vitreal VEGF and serum SOD. ----- CONCLUSIONS Among the selected oxidative stress markers, SOD and LPO were highly correlative in both the vitreous and serum in PDR compared to patients without metabolic disorders. Their correlations suggested that monitoring their mutual alterations might be informative during PDR development and should be considered in further research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©1994-2016 Molecular Vision http://www.molvis.org/molvis. CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0.
MeSH: Advanced Oxidation Protein Products / blood ; Advanced Oxidation Protein Products / metabolism ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Biomarkers / blood ; Biomarkers / metabolism ; Blood Glucose / metabolism ; Case-Control Studies ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism ; Diabetic Retinopathy / blood ; Diabetic Retinopathy / metabolism ; Female ; Glutathione / blood ; Glutathione / metabolism ; Humans ; Lipid Peroxides / blood ; Lipid Peroxides / metabolism ; Male ; Malondialdehyde / blood ; Malondialdehyde / metabolism ; Middle Aged ; Oxidative Stress ; Superoxide Dismutase / blood ; Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism ; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / blood ; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism ; Vitreous Body / metabolism
Departments: Katedra za oftalmologiju
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Brzović-Šarić, VlatkaUNSPECIFIED
Barberić, MonikaUNSPECIFIED
Andrijašević, LidijaUNSPECIFIED
Cerovski, BranimirUNSPECIFIED
Date: 12 June 2015
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2016 10:27
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2020 08:23
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2378

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