Botulinum toxin type A selectivity for certain types of pain is associated with capsaicin-sensitive neurons

Matak, Ivica and Rossetto, Ornella and Lacković, Zdravko (2014) Botulinum toxin type A selectivity for certain types of pain is associated with capsaicin-sensitive neurons. Pain, 155 (8). pp. 1516-1526. ISSN 1872-6623

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Download (690kB)


Unlike most classical analgesics, botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) does not alter acute nociceptive thresholds, and shows selectivity primarily for allodynic and hyperalgesic responses in certain pain conditions. We hypothesized that this phenomenon might be explained by characterizing the sensory neurons targeted by BoNT/A in the central nervous system after its axonal transport. BoNT/A's central antinociceptive activity following its application into the rat whisker pad was examined in trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) and higher-level nociceptive brain areas using BoNT/A-cleaved synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) and c-Fos immunohistochemistry. Occurrence of cleaved SNAP-25 in TNC was examined after nonselective ganglion ablation with formalin or selective denervation of capsaicin-sensitive (vanilloid receptor-1 or TRPV1-expressing) neurons, and in relation to different cellular and neuronal markers. Regional c-Fos activation and effect of TRPV1-expressing afferent denervation on toxin's antinociceptive action were studied in formalin-induced orofacial pain. BoNT/A-cleaved SNAP-25 was observed in TNC, but not in higher-level nociceptive nuclei. Cleaved SNAP-25 in TNC disappeared after formalin-induced trigeminal ganglion ablation or capsaicin-induced sensory denervation. Occurrence of cleaved SNAP-25 in TNC and BoNT/A antinociceptive activity in formalin-induced orofacial pain were prevented by denervation with capsaicin. Cleaved SNAP-25 localization demonstrated toxin's presynaptic activity in TRPV1-expressing neurons. BoNT/A reduced the c-Fos activation in TNC, locus coeruleus, and periaqueductal gray. Present experiments suggest that BoNT/A alters the nociceptive transmission at the central synapse of primary afferents. Targeting of TRPV1-expressing neurons might be associated with observed selectivity of BoNT/A action only in certain types of pain.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2014 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
MeSH: Animals ; Botulinum Toxins, Type A/pharmacology ; Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use ; Capsaicin/pharmacology ; Male ; Pain/drug therapy ; Pain/metabolism ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/metabolism ; Rats ; Rats, Wistar ; Sensory Receptor Cells/drug effects ; Sensory Receptor Cells/metabolism ; Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25/metabolism ; TRPV Cation Channels/metabolism ; Trigeminal Ganglion/drug effects ; Trigeminal Ganglion/metabolism
Departments: Katedra za farmakologiju
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Rossetto, OrnellaUNSPECIFIED
Lacković, ZdravkoUNSPECIFIED
Date: August 2014
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 11:44
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 09:05
Subjects: /
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year