Extraordinary neoteny of synaptic spines in the human prefrontal cortex

Petanjek, Zdravko and Judaš, Miloš and Šimić, Goran and Rašin, Mladen Roko and Uylings, Harry B. M. and Rakic, Pasko and Kostović, Ivica (2011) Extraordinary neoteny of synaptic spines in the human prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108 (32). pp. 13281-13286. ISSN 0027-8424

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The major mechanism for generating diversity of neuronal connections beyond their genetic determination is the activity-dependent stabilization and selective elimination of the initially overproduced synapses [Changeux JP, Danchin A (1976) Nature 264:705-712]. The largest number of supranumerary synapses has been recorded in the cerebral cortex of human and nonhuman primates. It is generally accepted that synaptic pruning in the cerebral cortex, including prefrontal areas, occurs at puberty and is completed during early adolescence [Huttenlocher PR, et al. (1979) Brain Res 163:195-205]. In the present study we analyzed synaptic spine density on the dendrites of layer IIIC cortico-cortical and layer V cortico-subcortical projecting pyramidal neurons in a large sample of human prefrontal cortices in subjects ranging in age from newborn to 91 y. We confirm that dendritic spine density in childhood exceeds adult values by two- to threefold and begins to decrease during puberty. However, we also obtained evidence that overproduction and developmental remodeling, including substantial elimination of synaptic spines, continues beyond adolescence and throughout the third decade of life before stabilizing at the adult level. Such an extraordinarily long phase of developmental reorganization of cortical neuronal circuitry has implications for understanding the effect of environmental impact on the development of human cognitive and emotional capacities as well as the late onset of human-specific neuropsychiatric disorders.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2015 National Academy of Sciences.
MeSH: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Dendritic Spines/metabolism ; Humans ; Infant ; Infant, Newborn ; Middle Aged ; Prefrontal Cortex/cytology ; Prefrontal Cortex/growth & development ; Prefrontal Cortex/metabolism ; Pyramidal Cells/cytology ; Pyramidal Cells/growth & development ; Synapses/metabolism ; Young Adult
Departments: Hrvatski institut za istraživanje mozga
Katedra za anatomiju i kliničku anatomiju
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Petanjek, ZdravkoUNSPECIFIED
Rašin, Mladen RokoUNSPECIFIED
Uylings, Harry B. M.UNSPECIFIED
Kostović, IvicaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 9 August 2011
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2015 13:36
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2020 07:48
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2340

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