Wnt signaling transcription factors TCF-1 and LEF-1 are upregulated in malignant astrocytic brain tumors

Pećina-Šlaus, Nives and Kafka, Anja and Tomas, Davor and Marković, Leon and Okštajner, Petar Krešimir and Sukser, Viktorija and Krušlin, Božo (2014) Wnt signaling transcription factors TCF-1 and LEF-1 are upregulated in malignant astrocytic brain tumors. Histology and Histopathology, 29 (12). pp. 1557-1564. ISSN 0213-3911

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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/ ----- Since the discovery of the TCF/LEF family of transcription factors, their functions have been under intensive investigation in the area of cancer biology. The work presented in this paper focused on the changes in TCF-1 and LEF-1 expression levels in a set of astrocytic brain tumors. Protein expression was detected using immunohistochemistry and then evaluated by Ellipse software (ViDiTo, Slovakia). Statistical evaluations were performed with the SPSS statistical package, version 14.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Strong TCF-1 and LEF-1 expression was observed in 51.6% and 71% of glioblastoma samples. Statistical analysis confirmed significant differences in protein expression levels associated to 3 important values, weak expression of TCF-1, weak expression of LEF-1 and strong expression of LEF-1. Analysis of variances performed on the total sample also indicated significant differences in the values of TCF-1 weak (F=2.804; p=0.045), LEF-1 weak (F=4.255; p=0.008) and LEF-1 strong (F=5.498; p=0.002) with regard to malignancy grade. Thus, glioblastomas were characterized by -in relative terms- the lowest values for weak expression of TCF-1 and LEF-1, combined with the highest values of LEF-1 strong expression. The F-ratios for two variables (LEF-1 strong and LEF-1 weak) indicated that differences between astrocytomas (II, III) and glioblastomas were statistically significant (p<0.02). Discriminant function analysis further showed that strong LEF-1 expression alone could discriminate between astrocytomas (II, III) and glioblastomas. Elevated TCF-1 and LEF-1 expression is characteristic of malignant gliomas. LEF-1, in particular, may serve as a potential marker for malignant transformation.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis ; Brain Neoplasms / metabolism ; Brain Neoplasms / pathology ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Female ; Glioma / metabolism ; Glioma / pathology ; Humans ; Immunohistochemistry ; Lymphoid Enhancer-Binding Factor 1 / analysis ; Lymphoid Enhancer-Binding Factor 1 / biosynthesis ; Male ; Middle Aged ; T Cell Transcription Factor 1 / analysis ; T Cell Transcription Factor 1 / biosynthesis ; Up-Regulation ; Young Adult
Departments: Hrvatski institut za istraživanje mozga
Katedra za medicinsku biologiju
Katedra za patologiju
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Pećina-Šlaus, NivesUNSPECIFIED
Okštajner, Petar KrešimirUNSPECIFIED
Sukser, ViktorijaUNSPECIFIED
Date: December 2014
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2015 11:11
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 10:15
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2221

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