Albendazolesulphoxide concentrations in plasma and hydatid cyst and prediction of parasitological and clinical outcomes in patients with liver hydatidosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus

Skuhala, Tomislava and Trkulja, Vladimir and Runje, Mislav and Vukelić, Dalibor and Desnica, Boško (2014) Albendazolesulphoxide concentrations in plasma and hydatid cyst and prediction of parasitological and clinical outcomes in patients with liver hydatidosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Croatian Medical Journal, 55 (2). pp. 146-55. ISSN 0353-9504

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Abstract

AIM: To investigate the relationship between plasma and cyst concentrations of albendazolesulphoxide (ASO) and their effects on parasitological findings and disease recurrence in patients with liver hydatidosis. ----- METHODS: The study was conducted at the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases Dr. Fran Mihaljević, Zagreb, Croatia, between August 2006 and January 2011. Consecutive patients (N=48, age 6-77 years) were treated with albendazole (3×5 mg/kg/d) over 28 days before surgical cyst removal (n=34) or percutaneous evacuation (PAIR) (n=14). Plasma ASO was determined on days 10 and 28 of treatment and cyst concentrations at surgery/PAIR. ----- RESULTS: Disease recurred in 3 surgically treated patients. Variability of ASO concentrations was substantial. Plasma concentrations on day 10 were higher than on day 28 (geometric means ratio [GMR] 2.00; 95%CI 1.38-2.91, P<0.001) and higher than cyst concentrations at the time of treatment (GMR=1.58, 1.01-2.34, P=0.045). Higher cyst (but not plasma) concentrations were independently associated with lower odds of protoscolex motility (OR=0.23, 0.01-0.70, P<0.001) and higher odds of protoscolex destruction (OR=1.17, 1.04-1.46, P<0.001). With adjustment for age and protoscolex motility, higher day 10 plasma concentrations (but not cyst concentrations) were associated with lower odds of disease recurrence (OR=0.49, 0.09-0.97, P=0.035). Plasma concentrations did not predict cyst concentrations. ----- CONCLUSION: Viability of protoscolices progressively decreased with increasing ASO concentrations in the cyst. Data strongly suggested that higher plasma concentrations reduced the risk of disease recurrence.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Albendazole/analogs & derivatives ; Albendazole/pharmacokinetics ; Animals ; Anthelmintics/pharmacokinetics ; Antibodies, Helminth/blood ; Antigens, Helminth/immunology ; Biological Availability ; Child ; Echinococcosis, Hepatic/diagnosis ; Echinococcosis, Hepatic/drug therapy ; Echinococcosis, Hepatic/metabolism ; Echinococcosis, Hepatic/surgery ; Echinococcus granulosus/drug effects ; Echinococcus granulosus/immunology ; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Recurrence ; Treatment Outcome ; Young Adult
Departments: Katedra za farmakologiju
Katedra za infektologiju
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Skuhala, TomislavaUNSPECIFIED
Trkulja, VladimirUNSPECIFIED
Runje, MislavUNSPECIFIED
Vukelić, DaliborUNSPECIFIED
Desnica, BoškoUNSPECIFIED
Date: April 2014
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2014 07:33
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2014 07:33
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/2149

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