Red blood cell distribution width as a prognostic marker of mortality in patients on chronic dialysis: a single center, prospective longitudinal study

Sičaja, Mario and Pehar, Mario and Đerek, Lovorka and Starčević, Boris and Vuletić, Vladimira and Romić, Željko and Božikov, Velimir (2013) Red blood cell distribution width as a prognostic marker of mortality in patients on chronic dialysis: a single center, prospective longitudinal study. Croatian Medical Journal, 54 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0353-9504

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AIM: To determine if red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with all-cause mortality in patients on chronic dialysis and to evaluate its prognostic value among validated prognostic biomarkers. ----- METHODS: This is a single center, prospective longitudinal study. At the time of inclusion in January 2011, all patients were physically examined and a routine blood analysis was performed. A sera sample was preserved for determination of NT-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and eosinophil cationic protein. Carotid intima media thickness (IMT) was also measured. Following one year, all-cause mortality was evaluated. ----- RESULTS: Of 100 patients, 25 patients died during the follow-up period of one-year. Patients who died had significantly higher median [range] RDW levels (16.7% [14.3-19.5] vs 15.5% [13.2-19.7], P<0.001. They had significantly higher Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (4 [2-4] vs 2 [1-4], Plt;0.001), increased intima-media thickness (IMT) (0.71 [0.47-1.25] vs 0.63 [0.31-1.55], P=0.011), increased NT-pro-BNP levels (8300 [1108-35000] vs 4837 [413-35000], P=0.043), and increased C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (11.6 [1.3-154.2] vs 4.9 [0.4-92.9], Plt;0.001). For each 1% point increase in RDW level as a continuous variable, one-year all cause mortality risk was increased by 54% in univariate Cox proportional hazard analysis. In the final model, when RDW was entered as a categorical variable, mortality risk was significantly increased (hazard ratio, 5.15, 95% confidence interval, 2.33 to 11.36) and patients with RDW levels above 15.75% had significantly shorter survival time (Log rank Plt;0.001) than others. ----- CONCLUSIONS: RDW could be an additive predictor for all-cause mortality in patients on chronic dialysis. Furthermore, RDW combined with sound clinical judgment improves identification of patients who are at increased risk compared to RDW alone.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Aged ; Biological Markers/blood ; C-Reactive Protein/metabolism ; Carotid Intima-Media Thickness ; Cause of Death ; Eosinophil Cationic Protein/blood ; Erythrocyte Indices ; Erythrocytes ; Female ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood ; Peptide Fragments ; Prognosis ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Prospective Studies ; Renal Dialysis/mortality
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Starčević, BorisUNSPECIFIED
Vuletić, VladimiraUNSPECIFIED
Božikov, VelimirUNSPECIFIED
Date: February 2013
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2013 11:42
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2020 09:49
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