Skeletal and dental indicators of health in the late mediaeval (12-15th century) population from Nin, southern Croatia

Novak, Mario and Martinčić, Ozana and Strinović, Davor and Šlaus, Mario (2012) Skeletal and dental indicators of health in the late mediaeval (12-15th century) population from Nin, southern Croatia. HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology, 63 (6). pp. 435-50. ISSN 0018-442X

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A comprehensive bioarchaeological study of the late mediaeval (12-15th century) skeletal sample from Nin was carried out in order to test the historically documented hypothesis that during the late mediaeval period Nin sustained a period of rapid development that resulted in it becoming one of the major urban centres on the eastern Adriatic coast. The analysed pathological changes (alveolar bone disease, dental caries, dental enamel hypoplasia, cribra orbitalia, periostitis, tuberculosis, Schmorl's nodes, vertebral osteoarthritis, and bone fractures) indicate a relatively good quality of life for the majority of the population from this late mediaeval site. A low prevalence of dental pathologies suggests an adequate diet while a low frequency of long bone trauma testifies to a relatively peaceful life for the inhabitants of mediaeval Nin. Increased urban development during this period resulted in a worsening of sanitary conditions most likely caused by overcrowding, which is reflected in the presence of tuberculosis and the relatively high frequencies of dental enamel hypoplasia and cribra orbitalia. An additional health concern for the late mediaeval inhabitants of Nin may have been the presence of malaria, as recorded in numerous historical sources. Comparison with other Croatian mediaeval skeletal samples suggests that the inhabitants of late mediaeval Nin experienced somewhat better living conditions than their contemporaries from other parts of Croatia.

Item Type: Article
Departments: Katedra za sudsku medicinu
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Martinčić, OzanaUNSPECIFIED
Strinović, DavorUNSPECIFIED
Date: December 2012
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2013 13:42
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2013 13:42
Subjects: /
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