Prognostic performance of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II in major Croatian hospitals: a prospective multicenter study

Deša, Kristian and Perić, Mladen and Husedžinović, Ino and Šustić, Alan and Korušić, Anđelko and Karadža, Vjekoslav and Matleković, Dražen and Prstec-Veronek, Branka and Žuvić-Butorac, Marta and Sokolić, Jadranko and Širanović, Mladen and Bošnjak, Danica and Špiček-Macan, Jasna and Guštin, Denis and Ožeg-Jakopović, Draženka (2012) Prognostic performance of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II in major Croatian hospitals: a prospective multicenter study. Croatian Medical Journal, 53 (5). pp. 442-9. ISSN 0353-9504

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AIM: To perform an external validation of the original Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) system and to assess its performance in a selected group of patients in major Croatian hospitals. ----- METHODS: A prospective, multicenter study was conducted in five university hospitals and one general hospital during a six-month period between November 1, 2007 and May 1, 2008. Standardized hospital mortality ratio (SMR) was calculated from the mean predicted mortality of all the 2756 patients and the actual mortality for the same group of patients. The validation of SAPS II was made using the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), 2×2 classification tables, and Hosmer-Lemeshow tests. ----- RESULTS: The predicted mortality was as low as 14.6% due to a small proportion of medical patients and the SMR being 0.89 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.78-0.98). The SAPS II system demonstrated a good discriminatory power as measured by the AUC (0.85; standard error [SE]=0.012; 95% CI=0.840-0.866; P<0.001). This system significantly overestimated the actual mortality (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit H statistic: χ(2) =584.4; P<0.001 and C statistics: χ(2)(8) =313.0; P<0.001) in the group of patients included in the study. ----- CONCLUSION: The SAPS II had a good discrimination, but it significantly overestimated the observed mortality in comparison with the predicted mortality in this group of patients in Croatia. Therefore, caution is required when an evaluation is performed at the individual level.

Item Type: Article
Departments: Katedra za anesteziologiju i reanimatologiju
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Husedžinović, InoUNSPECIFIED
Korušić, AnđelkoUNSPECIFIED
Karadža, VjekoslavUNSPECIFIED
Matleković, DraženUNSPECIFIED
Prstec-Veronek, BrankaUNSPECIFIED
Žuvić-Butorac, MartaUNSPECIFIED
Sokolić, JadrankoUNSPECIFIED
Širanović, MladenUNSPECIFIED
Bošnjak, DanicaUNSPECIFIED
Špiček-Macan, JasnaUNSPECIFIED
Ožeg-Jakopović, DraženkaUNSPECIFIED
Date: October 2012
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2013 10:38
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2013 10:38
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