Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Koštani fenotip miševa s transgenom za interleukin 7 (IL-7) [Bone phenotype of IL-7 transgenic mice]

Žitnjak, Daniela (2009) Koštani fenotip miševa s transgenom za interleukin 7 (IL-7) [Bone phenotype of IL-7 transgenic mice]. PhD thesis, Sveučilište u Zagrebu.

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    Croatian abstract

    Miševi s transgenom za IL-7 koji je pod kontrolom Eα promotora pojačano izražavaju IL-7 u svim stanicama koje na staničnoj membrane nose MHC II antigen te razvijaju karakterističan imunološki fenotip koji obilježava porast udjela stanica pozitivnih za CD45R antigen u koštanoj srži i u perifernoj krvi. Ženke tih miševa pokazuju i koštani fenotip obilježen gubitkom trabekularne kosti u aksijalnim i dugim kostima koji se razvija tijekom njihovog starenja. Osteopenija je posljedica povećanog broja aktivnih osteoklasta na površini trabekularne kosti. Nadalje, u kulturama neadheriranih i CD45R+ stanica koštane srži transgeničnih miševa nisu uočene promjene u broju osteoblasta, unatoč povećanom osteoklastogeničnom potencijalu koštane srži. Povećani izražaj IL-7 dovodi do promjena u mikrookolišu unutar koštane srži čime su stanice preteče usmjerene prema osteoklastnoj lozi.

    English abstract

    Mice with an interleukin (IL)-7 transgene under the control of Eα promoter overexpress IL-7 in MHC class II-positive cells and develop specific immune phenotype, marked by an increase in CD45R+ cells in both the bone marrow and peripheral blood. We show that female IL-7 transgenic mice have a bone phenotype characterized by an age-related loss of trabecular bone in both axial and long bones. Osteopenia was the result of increased number of active osteoclasts on the surface of trabecular bone. Furthermore, IL-7 transgenic mice showed increased osteoclastic but unchanged osteoblastic potential of the bone marrow in vitro, both from nonatherent bone marrow cells and CD45R+ marrow cells. IL-7 over-expression also created osteoclastogenic microenvironment within the bone marrow which promoted the commitment of precursors towards the osteoclast lineage.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Mentor: Marušić, Ana
    Divisions: Izvan medicinskog fakulteta
    Depositing User: dr.med. Helena Markulin
    University: Sveučilište u Zagrebu
    Institution: Medicinski fakultet
    Number of Pages: 105
    Status: Unpublished
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Žitnjak, Daniela
    Date: 03 November 2009
    Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2012 14:12
    Last Modified: 29 Oct 2012 15:54
    Subjects: WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc. > WD 200-226 Metabolic Diseases > WD 200-200.1 General Metabolic Diseases
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1645

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