Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Body mass index and nutrition as determinants of health and disease in population of Croatian Adriatic islands

Pucarin-Cvetković, Jasna and Mustajbegović, Jadranka and Doko Jelinić, Jagoda and Senta, Ankica and Nola, Iskra Alexandra and Ivanković, Davor and Kaić-Rak, Antoinnete and Milošević, Milan (2006) Body mass index and nutrition as determinants of health and disease in population of Croatian Adriatic islands. Croatian Medical Journal, 47 (4). pp. 619-626. ISSN 0353-9504 (Print) 1332-8166 (Electronic)

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    English abstract

    AIM: To investigate the relationships between body mass index (BMI), dietary habits, and cardiovascular risk factors in isolated Adriatic island populations of Croatia. ----- METHODS: Random sample of subjects (n=1001) was interviewed, using a validated questionnaire developed for this research program. Dietary habits were assessed on the basis of applied Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Biochemical analyses of total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), triglycerides, and blood glucose were performed. Blood pressure (mm Hg), height (m), and weight (kg) were measured following standard procedures. ----- RESULTS: Out of 1001 study participants, 507 (50.7%) were overweight (247 [48.7%] men and 260 [51.3%] women), whereas 268 (26.8%) were obese (122 [45.5%] men and 146 [54.5%] women). In both genders, there was a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and levels of triglycerides (P<0.001), glucose (P<0.001), diastolic blood pressure (P<0.001), and systolic blood pressure (male: P=0.002, female: P<0.001). Logistic regression showed that female gender (OR, 2.31; 95% CI, 1.61-3.31), overweight (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.34-2.88), obesity (OR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.22-2.96), more frequent consumption of meat (OR 1.17; 95% CI, 1.06-1.30) and beer (OR 1.14; 95% CI, 1.03-1.27), and less frequent consumption of potatoes (OR 0.91; 95% CI, 0.83-0.99) were predictive for the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. ----- CONCLUSION: Prevalence of obesity and related health outcomes was surprisingly high for the studied population. We found a correlation between BMI, dietary habits, and cardiovascular risk factors.

    Item Type: Article
    MeSH: Body Mass Index ; Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology ; Diet ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Blood Pressure ; Croatia ; Female ; Humans ; Lipids - blood ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Obesity - complications
    Divisions: Katedra za zdravstvenu ekologiju i medicinu rada
    Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
    Depositing User: Lea Škorić
    Status: Published
    Pucarin-Cvetković, Jasna
    Mustajbegović, Jadranka
    Doko Jelinić, Jagoda
    Senta, Ankica
    Nola, Iskra Alexandra
    Ivanković, Davor
    Kaić-Rak, Antoinnete
    Milošević, Milan
    Date: August 2006
    Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2006
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:09
    Subjects: /
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