Body mass index and nutrition as determinants of health and disease in population of Croatian Adriatic islands

Pucarin-Cvetković, Jasna and Mustajbegović, Jadranka and Doko Jelinić, Jagoda and Senta, Ankica and Nola, Iskra Alexandra and Ivanković, Davor and Kaić-Rak, Antoinnete and Milošević, Milan (2006) Body mass index and nutrition as determinants of health and disease in population of Croatian Adriatic islands. Croatian Medical Journal, 47 (4). pp. 619-626. ISSN 0353-9504

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AIM: To investigate the relationships between body mass index (BMI), dietary habits, and cardiovascular risk factors in isolated Adriatic island populations of Croatia. ----- METHODS: Random sample of subjects (n=1001) was interviewed, using a validated questionnaire developed for this research program. Dietary habits were assessed on the basis of applied Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Biochemical analyses of total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), triglycerides, and blood glucose were performed. Blood pressure (mm Hg), height (m), and weight (kg) were measured following standard procedures. ----- RESULTS: Out of 1001 study participants, 507 (50.7%) were overweight (247 [48.7%] men and 260 [51.3%] women), whereas 268 (26.8%) were obese (122 [45.5%] men and 146 [54.5%] women). In both genders, there was a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and levels of triglycerides (P<0.001), glucose (P<0.001), diastolic blood pressure (P<0.001), and systolic blood pressure (male: P=0.002, female: P<0.001). Logistic regression showed that female gender (OR, 2.31; 95% CI, 1.61-3.31), overweight (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.34-2.88), obesity (OR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.22-2.96), more frequent consumption of meat (OR 1.17; 95% CI, 1.06-1.30) and beer (OR 1.14; 95% CI, 1.03-1.27), and less frequent consumption of potatoes (OR 0.91; 95% CI, 0.83-0.99) were predictive for the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. ----- CONCLUSION: Prevalence of obesity and related health outcomes was surprisingly high for the studied population. We found a correlation between BMI, dietary habits, and cardiovascular risk factors.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Body Mass Index ; Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology ; Diet ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Blood Pressure ; Croatia ; Female ; Humans ; Lipids - blood ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Obesity - complications
Departments: Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
Katedra za zdravstvenu ekologiju i medicinu rada
Depositing User: Lea Škorić
Status: Published
Pucarin-Cvetković, JasnaUNSPECIFIED
Mustajbegović, JadrankaUNSPECIFIED
Doko Jelinić, JagodaUNSPECIFIED
Nola, Iskra AlexandraUNSPECIFIED
Ivanković, DavorUNSPECIFIED
Kaić-Rak, AntoinneteUNSPECIFIED
Milošević, MilanUNSPECIFIED
Date: August 2006
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2006
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 07:56
Subjects: /
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