The prevalence of smoking among Croatian hospitalized coronary heart disease patients.

Vražić, Hrvoje and Šikić, Jozica and Lucijanić, Tomo and Milošević, Milan and Borić, Katarina and Udovičić, Mario and Cmrečnjak, Jasna and Heim, Inge and Jembrek Gostović, Mirjana and Bergovec, Mijo (2012) The prevalence of smoking among Croatian hospitalized coronary heart disease patients. Collegium Antropologicum, 36 (S1). pp. 229-33. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

The aim of this paper was to investigate the prevalence of smoking using selected anthropometric variables in a sample of hospitalized coronary heart disease (CHD) patients in Croatia (N = 1,298). A total of 444 subjects (34.6%) were non-smokers, 548 (42.6%) were smokers and 293 (22.8%) were ex-smokers. Men, on average, smoked more cigarettes per day than women (22.62 vs. 19.84 cigarettes, p < 0.001) and they also had bigger index "pack-years" than women (36.96 vs. 33.91, p = 0.024). Men were more often smokers and ex-smokers than women (47.4% vs. 30.8% for smokers and 25.0% vs. 22.8% for ex-smokers, p < 0.001). In this study a high prevalence of smoking was found among CHD patients in Croatia. Unless it is decreased, it can be expected that CHD patients in Croatia will continue to experience adverse effects more often than other CHD patients in the rest of Europe.

Abstract in Croatian

PREVALENCIJA PUŠENJA U HOSPITALIZIRANIH KORONARNIH BOLESNIKA U HRVATSKOJ ----- Cilj ovog rada bio je pokazati prevalenciju pušenja uz izabrane antropometrijske varijable na uzorku bolesnika hospitaliziranih zbog koronarne bolesti u Republici Hrvatskoj (N=1.298). Nikada nije pušilo 444 ispitanika (34,6%), 548 (42,6%) ispitanika bili su pušači i 293 (22.8%) ispitanika bili su bivši pušači. Muškarci su, u prosjeku, pušili više cigareta dnevno od žena (22,62 prema 19,84 cigareta, p<0,001) i također su imali veći indeks »pack-years« od žena (36,96 prema 33,91, p=0,024). Muškarci su češće bili pušači i bivši pušači nego žene (47,4% prema 30,8% za pušače i 25,0% prema 22,8% za bivše pušače, p<0,001). U ovom istraživanju pronađena je visoka prevalencija pušenja kod bolesnika hospitaliziranih zbog koronarne bolesti srca u Hrvatskoj. Ukoliko se ona ne smanji, može se očekivati kako će ti bolesnici u buduć nosti češće doživljavati štetne događaje nego koronarni bolesnici u ostatku Europe.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Coronary Disease/epidemiology ; Croatia/epidemiology ; Female ; Hospitalization ; Humans ; Male ; Prevalence ; Smoking/epidemiology
Departments: Katedra za internu medicinu
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Vražić, HrvojeUNSPECIFIED
Šikić, JozicaUNSPECIFIED
Lucijanić, TomoUNSPECIFIED
Milošević, MilanUNSPECIFIED
Borić, KatarinaUNSPECIFIED
Udovičić, MarioUNSPECIFIED
Cmrečnjak, JasnaUNSPECIFIED
Heim, IngeUNSPECIFIED
Jembrek Gostović, MirjanaUNSPECIFIED
Bergovec, MijoUNSPECIFIED
Date: January 2012
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2012 12:26
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2012 12:26
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1545

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