Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Elevated blood pressure in school children and adolescents--prevalence and associated risk factors.

Musil, Vera and Majer, Marjeta and Jureša, Vesna (2012) Elevated blood pressure in school children and adolescents--prevalence and associated risk factors. Collegium Antropologicum, 36 (S1). pp. 147-55. ISSN 0350-6134

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    Croatian abstract

    UČESTALOST I PRIDRUŽENI ČIMBENICI RIZIKA ZA POVIŠENI ARTERIJSKI TLAK U ŠKOLSKE DJECE I MLADIH ----- Povišeni arterijski tlak u djece i mladih određuje se na temelju normalne distribucije izmjerenog arterijskog tlaka u zdrave djece. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je utvrditi učestalost visokog normalnog i povišenog arterijskog tlaka u zdrave školske djece, obzirom na prisutnost ostalih kardiovaskularnih rizika. Istraživanje je provedeno među 965 (48,7% djevojč ica) učenika 8. razreda osnovnih škola. Podaci za potrebe ovog rada prikupljeni su pomoću upitnika i antropometrijskim mjerenjima. Učestalost visokog normalnog iznosila je u djevojčica 28,5%, u dječaka 36,8%, dok je učestalost povišenog arterijskog tlaka iznosila u djevojčica 7,9% i 5,3% u dječaka. Prekomjernu tjelesnu težinu imalo je 19,4% djevojčica i 9,3% dječaka s visokim normalnim i 29,7% djevojčica i 30,8% dječaka s povišenim arterijskim tlakom. Najčešći pridruž eni kardiovaskularni rizik bila je hipertenzija u obiteljskoj anamnezi. Otkrivanje i praćenje čimbenika kardiovaskularnih rizika moguće je u školskoj dobi kroz aktivnosti školske medicine, s ciljem poduzimanja preventivnih mjera i promicanja zdravog načina života.

    English abstract

    Elevated blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents is determined on normative distribution of BP in healthy children. The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of high normal and elevated BP among school children and to assess associated risk factors. The study comprised 965 children (48.7% girls) in 8th grade of primary school. Data were obtained from questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. The prevalence of high normal BP was 28.5% in girls, 36.8% in boys, and elevated BP 7.9% in girls and 5.3% in boys. Overweight was present in 19.4% of girls and 9.3% boys with high normal, and 29.7% of girls and 30.8% boys with elevated BP. Hypertension in family history was the most common associated factor reported by boys and girls with high normal and elevated BP. Follow-up of children throughout school age makes possible taking of preventative measures and promotion of healthy life style.

    Item Type: Article
    MeSH: Adolescent ; Child ; Female ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Hypertension/epidemiology ; Male ; Overweight/physiopathology ; Questionnaires ; Risk Factors
    Divisions: Katedra za socijalnu medicinu i organizaciju zdravstvene zaštite
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    Status: Published
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Musil, Vera
    Majer, Marjeta
    Jureša, Vesna
    Date: January 2012
    Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2012 15:02
    Last Modified: 15 Mar 2012 15:02
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1521

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