Social conditioning of health behaviors among adults in Croatia: the CroHort study.

Musić Milanović, Sanja and Ivanković, Davor and Fišter, Kristina and Poljičanin, Tamara and Brečić, Petrana and Vuletić, Silvije (2012) Social conditioning of health behaviors among adults in Croatia: the CroHort study. Collegium Antropologicum, 36 (S1). pp. 117-23. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the social conditioning of health behaviors of adults in Croatia, based on the data from Croatian Adult Health Survey 2003. This cross-sectional study on a representative random sample of 9070 Croatian adults showed that obesity was significantly and socially conditioned in women, whereas for men the indication of social conditioning has not reached a statistically significant level. Health behaviors were socially conditioned in both sexes. Men's living habits were more irregular than those of women. Compared with women, men consumed more cured meat products, consumed alcohol excessivelly and smoked cigarettes more often, whereas they ate less fruits and vegetables. Health promotion strategies based on the behavioral correlates of overweight and obesity are needed to prevent excess weight gain in the Croatian population. While for men a unique educational model is applicable, women require more specialized programs, adapted to their social background.

Abstract in Croatian

SOCIJALNA UVJETOVANOST ZDRAVSTVENOG PONAŠANJA U ODRASLIH U HRVATSKOJ ----- Cilj ovog rada bio je istražiti socijalnu uvjetovanost životnih navika, temeljem podataka iz Hrvatske zdravstvene ankete 2003. Presječno istraživanje na reprezentativnom slučajnom uzorku od 9070 odraslih osoba iz Hrvatske pokazalo je da je debljina značajno i vrlo jasno socijalno uvjetovana u žena, dok u muškaraca postoji naznaka socijalne uvjetovanosti, koja međutim nije dosegnula statističku značajnost. Zdravstveno ponašanje socijalno je uvjetovano u oba spola. Životne navike muškaraca u Hrvatskoj nepravilnije su od onih u žena. Češće konzumiraju suhomesnate proizvode, rjeđe voće i povrće, češće prekomjerno piju i puše. Preventivne javnozdravstvene programe vezane uz problem debljine valjalo bi usmjeriti na bihevioralne rizike koji su specifični i po spolu i po socijalnoj pripadnosti. U muškaraca je moguće primijeniti jedinstveni model edukacije, dok su za žene potrebni specifični programi, prilagođeni njihovoj socijalnoj pripadnosti.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Cohort Studies ; Croatia ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Health Behavior ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Social Behavior ; Young Adult
Departments: Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Musić Milanović, SanjaUNSPECIFIED
Ivanković, DavorUNSPECIFIED
Fišter, KristinaUNSPECIFIED
Poljičanin, TamaraUNSPECIFIED
Brečić, PetranaUNSPECIFIED
Vuletić, SilvijeUNSPECIFIED
Date: January 2012
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2012 10:02
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2012 10:04
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1513

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