Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Analiza kvalitativnih i kvantitativnih svojstava dermatoglifa digito-palmarnog kompleksa u bolesnika s primarnim glaukomom otvorenog kuta

Novak-Lauš, Katia (2004) Analiza kvalitativnih i kvantitativnih svojstava dermatoglifa digito-palmarnog kompleksa u bolesnika s primarnim glaukomom otvorenog kuta. PhD thesis, Sveučilište u Zagrebu.

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    Croatian abstract

    Primarni glaukom otvorenog kuta predstavlja grupu bolesti kojima su zajedničke karakteristične morfološke promjene na glavi vidnog živca i retinalnom sloju nervnih niti, progresivna smrt ganglijskih stanica i karakteristična oštećenja vidnog polja. Rizik pojave bolesti raste kontinuirano s visinom intraokularnog tlaka, a tijek je postepen i asimptomatski. Bolest je uzrokovana poremećajem odvoda sobne vodice u trabekularnom sustavu komoričnog kuta koji je otvoren. Etiopatogeneza primarnog glaukoma otvorenog kuta nije dovoljno jasna. Povećan rizik od pojave glaukoma kod bližih srodnika već dugo je poznat. Među srodnicima učestalost pojave glaukoma se kreće od 10-30%. Otkrića specifičnih genskih lokusa odgovornih za pojavu glaukoma doprinose razumijevanju mehanizma nastanka i svakako potvrđuje obiteljsko pojavljivanje ove bolesti. Digitopalmarni dermatoglifi su primjenjivani u procjeni nasljedne osnove mnogih bolesti, što je bio povod za ispitivanje kvalitativnih i kvantitativnih svojstava dermatoglifa digito-palmarnog kompleksa kod oboljelih od glaukoma (22 muškarca i 22 žene), bližih srodnika oboljelih (19 muškaraca i 23 žene) u odnosu na fenotipski zdravu populaciju (52 muškarca i 56 žena). Iz dobivenih rezultata utvrdila se povezanost svojstava dermatoglifa digito-palmarnog kompleksa kod glaukomskih bolesnika sa svojstvima dermatoglifa kod bližih neoboljelih srodnika. Također se utvrdila razlika po kojoj se oboljeli i njihovi bliži srodnici mogu diskriminirati od fenotipski zdrave populacije. Neophodno je da se svi članovi obitelji bez manifestne bolesti klinički ispitaju u svrhu prevencije i ranog otkrivanja bolesti.

    English abstract

    The primary open-angle glaucomas are a group of diseases, that have in common characteristic morphological changes at the optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer, progressive retinal ganglion cells death and characteristic visual field loss. The risk for primary open angle glaucoma increases continuously with the level of the intra-ocular pressure. The disease advances slowly and there are no symptoms. Primary open angle glaucoma is caused by abnormal aqueous humor outflow in the trabecular meshwork in the open angle. Etiopathogenesis of primary open angle glaucoma is unclear. The increased risk of glaucoma in first degree relatives has long been recognized. Frequency of the manifestation of the disease is 10-30% in family members. The discovery of the specific genetic loci responsible for the manifestation of glaucoma has helped us to understand its mechanism of origin and definitely confirmed the hereditary nature of this disease. Digito-palmar dermatoglyphs were already used to determine hereditary base of many diseases and it was the reason for investigation of their qualitative and quantitive traits in patients with glaucoma (22 males and 23 females), their first degree relatives (19 males and 23 females) in comparison to a group of phenotypically healthy controls (52 males and 56 females). The results pointed the connection between dermatoglyphic traits of the digito-palmar complex in patients with glaucoma and the same traits of their first degree relatives. There is a possible discrimination of patients and their first degee relatives from phenotypically healthy controls, too. Therefore, it is necessary for all family members without manifestation of the disease to make a clinical examination that enables the prevention and early discovery of illness.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Mentor: Miličić , Jasna
    Divisions: Izvan medicinskog fakulteta
    Depositing User: Lea Škorić
    University: Sveučilište u Zagrebu
    Institution: Medicinski fakultet
    Number of Pages: 102
    Status: Unpublished
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Novak-Lauš, Katia
    Date: 28 April 2004
    Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2006
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 18:09
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/150

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