Five-year cumulative incidence of obesity in adults in Croatia: the CroHort study.

Musić Milanović, Sanja and Ivičević Uhernik, Ana and Fišter, Kristina and Mihel, Sandra and Kovač, Ana and Ivanković, Davor (2012) Five-year cumulative incidence of obesity in adults in Croatia: the CroHort study. Collegium Antropologicum, 36 (S1). pp. 71-6. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

The objective of this paper was to evaluate the 5-year incidence of obesity on a sample of 3229 adults and investigate the potential effect of several sociodemographic and lifestyle habits on weight change and obesity incidence in these individuals. The average annual rate of increase in the prevalence of obese adults between 2003 and 2008 was 10.60% for men and 11.08% for women. Analysis showed that development of obesity in 5-year period in women in Croatia is significantly positively associated with frequent consumption of "hidden" fats of animal origin and significantly negative with each higher education level. No significant predictor of obesity has been found in men. Obesity remains a serious health problem for the Croatian population; the alarming rates of excess body weight continue to increase. Preventive measures should urgently be undertaken.

Abstract in Croatian

5-GODIŠNJA KUMULATIVNA INCIDENCIJA DEBLJINE U ODRASLIH U HRVATSKOJ: CroHort STUDIJA ----- Cilj je ove analize utvrditi prevalenciju i petogodišnju incidenciju debljine u Hrvatskoj te ustanoviti prediktivnu vrijednost prognostičkih čimbenika za debljinu nakon pet godina. Rezultati ukazuju da je u razdoblju od 2003. do 2008. godine prevalencija osoba s debljinom u Hrvatskoj porasla u muškaraca za 65,59%, a u žena za 69,09%, što čini prosječnu godišnju stopu porasta od 10,60% u muškaraca i 11,08% u žena. Kumulativna incidencija odraslih osoba s debljinom u petogodišnjem razdoblju 2,5 puta je veća u žena (20,49%) nego u muškaraca (8,72%). Značajan prediktor debljine nastale u promatranom petogodišnjem periodu (2003.–2008.) nije nađen u muškaraca, dok prediktori nađeni u žena potvrđuju obrazac rizika iz 2003. godine, odnosno pozitivnu povezanost debljine i učestale konzumacije suhomesnatih proivoda te negativnu sa svakim višim stupnjem formalnog obrazovanja. Udio odraslih osoba s debljinom u porastu je unatoč stalnoj borbi protiv nje. Preventivne javnozdravstvene programe vezane uz problem debljine valjalo bi usmjeriti na važnost i posljedice učestale konzumacije »skrivenih« masnoća životinjskog porijekla. U muškaraca je moguće primjeniti jedinstveni model edukacije, dok su za žene potrebni specifični programi, prilagođeni njihovoj socijalnoj pripadnosti.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Adult ; Cohort Studies ; Croatia/epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Incidence ; Life Style ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Obesity/epidemiology ; Socioeconomic Factors
Departments: Katedra za medicinsku statistiku, epidemiologiju i medicinsku informatiku
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Musić Milanović, SanjaUNSPECIFIED
Ivičević Uhernik, AnaUNSPECIFIED
Fišter, KristinaUNSPECIFIED
Mihel, SandraUNSPECIFIED
Kovač, AnaUNSPECIFIED
Ivanković, DavorUNSPECIFIED
Date: January 2012
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2012 09:50
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2012 09:50
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1499

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