Life satisfaction in persons of the third age after retirement

Brajković, Lovorka and Gregurek, Rudolf and Kušević, Zorana and Strahinja Ratković, Ana and Braš, Marijana and Đorđević, Veljko (2011) Life satisfaction in persons of the third age after retirement. Collegium Antropologicum, 35 (3). pp. 665-71. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the role of gender, type of residence, living arrangement, self-rated health status, loneliness, and sense of humor in self-reported life satisfaction in elderly retirees. The study included 300 elderly retirees from Zagreb, Croatia. Demographic data were collected with a structured questionnaire, whereas data on self-reported health status, loneliness, and sense of humor were collected with the UCLA Loneliness Scale, Life Satisfaction Index, HOPA-86, and SF-36 Health Survey. Participants living in a retirement home showed higher life satisfaction than those who lived in their own households. Those who had children showed greater life satisfaction No differences in life satisfaction were found with respect to gender, marital status, or living arrangement. The investigated demographic variables, self-rated health status, self-rated loneliness, and a sense of humor explained 52.8% of variance in life satisfaction. An active sense of humor was the most significant predictor. Living in a retirement home, having children, and having an active sense of humor had a positive influence on self-reported life satisfaction, whereas poorer self-rated health and loneliness had a negative influence. Taking into account the predictors of life satisfaction in preventive activities may contribute to successful aging.

Abstract in Croatian

ZADOVOLJSTVO ŽIVOTOM KOD OSOBA TREĆE ŽIVOTNE DOBI NAKON UMIROVLJENJA ----- Cilj ovog rada je bio ustvrditi ulogu spola, načina stanovanja, mjesta stanovanja, samoprocjene zdravstvenog statusa, samoprocjene osamljenosti i smisla za humor u objašnjenju zadovoljstva životom kod umirovljanika. U istraživanju je sudjelovalo 300 zagrebačkih umirovljenika. Rezultati su pokazali da umirovljanici koji stanuju u Domu umirovljenika iskazuju veće zadovoljstvo životom u odnosu na umirovljenike koji stanuju u vlastitom kućanstvu. Nadalje, umirovljenici koji imaju djecu pokazuju veće zadovoljstvo životom u odnosu na umirovljenike bez djece. Nisu nađene razlike u zadovoljstvu životom s obzirom na spol, bračni status i način stanovanja (s obitelji/sam). Demografske karakteristike, samoprocjena zdravstvenog statusa, samoprocjena osamljenosti i smisao za humor objašnjavaju 52,8% varijance zadovoljstva životom kod umirovljenika. Ativni smisao za humor se pokazao najjačim prediktorom u objašnjenju varijance zadovoljstva životom. Istraživanje je pokazalo da stanovanje u Domu umirovljenika, imati djecu i imati aktivni smisao za humor je u pozitivnoj vezi sa zadovoljstvom životom, dok su osjećaj osamljenosti i lošija samoprocjena zdravstvenog statusa negativno povezane sa zadovoljstvom životom.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Female ; Health Status ; Humans ; Loneliness ; Male ; Personal Satisfaction ; Regression Analysis ; Retirement
Departments: Katedra za psihijatriju i psihološku medicinu
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Brajković, LovorkaUNSPECIFIED
Gregurek, RudolfUNSPECIFIED
Kušević, ZoranaUNSPECIFIED
Strahinja Ratković, AnaUNSPECIFIED
Braš, MarijanaUNSPECIFIED
Đorđević, VeljkoUNSPECIFIED
Date: September 2011
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 15:42
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2012 13:30
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1463

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