Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Treating anemia associated with chronic renal failure with erythropoiesis stimulators: recombinant human erythropoietin might be the best among the available choices

Trkulja, Vladimir (2012) Treating anemia associated with chronic renal failure with erythropoiesis stimulators: recombinant human erythropoietin might be the best among the available choices. Medical Hypotheses, 78 (1). pp. 157-161. ISSN 0306-9877

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    English abstract

    Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a widespread medical problem commonly accompanied by a hypoproliferative anemia ("renal anemia") due to erythropoietin deficiency. Anemia greatly contributes to reduced quality of life (Hr-QoL) and high morbidity and mortality in CRF patients. Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHu-Epo) was introduced to medical practice some 20years ago. It enables correction of anemia (hemoglobin levels, Hb) with dramatic immediate (Hr-QoL improvement) and long-term effects (reduced morbidity and mortality). Newer experimental data suggest that long-term benefits could be due not only to antianemic effect, but also to a direct organoprotective effect of (rHu)-Epo mediated through a receptor complex different from the "erythropoietic" erythropoietin receptor. During the last decade, two alternative treatments for renal anemia have been approved: darbepoetin and CERA. Both are direct agonists of the "erythropoietic" receptors and both were derived from rHu-Epo. Molecularly, they differ from rHu-Epo in that they are much larger molecules (darbepoetin is genetically modified rHu-Epo with a higher sugar content and CERA is pegylated rHu-Epo) with lower affinity for the erythropoietin receptor but with a longer circulating time. In terms of renal anemia correction, they are non-inferior to rHu-Epo and allow for less frequent dosing. They have never been compared to rHu-Epo regarding the long-term outcomes. It is hypothesized that regarding the long-term outcomes (morbidity, mortality), rHu-Epo might be superior to those larger molecules. The hypothesis is based on two types of observations. First, experimental data emphasize the role of small, erythropoietically less valuable rHu-Epo isoforms in its organoprotective effects. Second, clinical observations suggest that rHu-Epo enables for less variable Hb correction than the larger molecules, and pronounced within-subject Hb variability has been suggested as an independent predictor of poor long-term outcomes of renal anemia management.

    Item Type: Article
    Divisions: Katedra za farmakologiju
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    Status: Published
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Trkulja, Vladimir
    Date: January 2012
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2012 13:00
    Last Modified: 20 Jan 2012 13:00
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
    URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1442

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