Distributed lags time series analysis versus linear correlation analysis (Pearson's r) in identifying the relationship between antipseudomonal antibiotic consumption and the susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in a single Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital

Erdeljić, Viktorija and Francetić, Igor and Bošnjak, Zrinka and Budimir, Ana and Kalenić, Smilja and Bielen, Luka and Makar-Aušperger, Ksenija and Likić, Robert (2011) Distributed lags time series analysis versus linear correlation analysis (Pearson's r) in identifying the relationship between antipseudomonal antibiotic consumption and the susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in a single Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 37 (5). pp. 467-71. ISSN 0924-8579

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Abstract

The relationship between antibiotic consumption and selection of resistant strains has been studied mainly by employing conventional statistical methods. A time delay in effect must be anticipated and this has rarely been taken into account in previous studies. Therefore, distributed lags time series analysis and simple linear correlation were compared in their ability to evaluate this relationship. Data on monthly antibiotic consumption for ciprofloxacin, piperacillin/tazobactam, carbapenems and cefepime as well as Pseudomonas aeruginosa susceptibility were retrospectively collected for the period April 2006 to July 2007. Using distributed lags analysis, a significant temporal relationship was identified between ciprofloxacin, meropenem and cefepime consumption and the resistance rates of P. aeruginosa isolates to these antibiotics. This effect was lagged for ciprofloxacin and cefepime [1 month (R=0.827, P=0.039) and 2 months (R=0.962, P=0.001), respectively] and was simultaneous for meropenem (lag 0, R=0.876, P=0.002). Furthermore, a significant concomitant effect of meropenem consumption on the appearance of multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa strains (resistant to three or more representatives of classes of antibiotics) was identified (lag 0, R=0.992, P<0.001). This effect was not delayed and it was therefore identified both by distributed lags analysis and the Pearson's correlation coefficient. Correlation coefficient analysis was not able to identify relationships between antibiotic consumption and bacterial resistance when the effect was delayed. These results indicate that the use of diverse statistical methods can yield significantly different results, thus leading to the introduction of possibly inappropriate infection control measures.

Item Type: Article
MeSH: Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use ; Drug Resistance, Bacterial ; Drug Utilization/statistics & numerical data ; Hospitals ; Humans ; Intensive Care Units ; Microbial Sensitivity Tests ; Pseudomonas Infections/microbiology ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification ; Retrospective Studies ; Statistics as Topic ; Time Factors
Departments: Katedra za farmakologiju
Katedra za internu medicinu
Katedra za medicinsku mikrobiologiju i parazitologiju
Depositing User: Marijan Šember
Status: Published
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Erdeljić, ViktorijaUNSPECIFIED
Francetić, IgorUNSPECIFIED
Bošnjak, ZrinkaUNSPECIFIED
Budimir, AnaUNSPECIFIED
Kalenić, SmiljaUNSPECIFIED
Bielen, LukaUNSPECIFIED
Makar-Aušperger, KsenijaUNSPECIFIED
Likić, RobertUNSPECIFIED
Date: May 2011
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2011 11:24
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2011 12:44
Subjects: /
Related URLs:
URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1359

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